Tag: Pandemic

Biden announces ‘American Rescue Plan’ to heal ailing economy and the pandemic crisis
Americas

Biden announces ‘American Rescue Plan’ to heal ailing economy and the pandemic crisis

American Rescue Plan: On Thursday, President-elect Joe Biden announces a $1.9 trillion Covid plan called the ‘American Rescue Plan’ to help fight the profound human crisis by accelerating immunizations and siphoning out monetary assistance to those battling with the pandemic’s financial aftermath. 

The president-elect praised Congress for passing the $900 billion package in Dec 2020 and he stressed that more action is required promptly to help fight the ailing economy.

The American Rescue Plan legislative proposal would meet Biden’s objective of managing 100 million immunizations by the 100th day and advance his goals of resuming most schools by the spring. It will also help balance the economy and aid the coronavirus crisis.

Biden proposed a $1,400 stimulus for Americans, which on top of $600 gave in the latest COVID-19 bill would carry the all out to the $2,000 that Biden has called for. It would likewise boost unemployment benefits and a moratorium on removals and foreclosures through Sept.

The U.S. administration has approved two different vaccines – Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus vaccine and Moderna vaccine for emergency use. Both require a two-shot. Up until now, over 10 million individuals have got the first shot. 

Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer stated that passing a coronavirus relief bill would be the main goal when Democrats take control of the Senate. 

More than 385,000 people have passed away due to coronavirus in the U.S. On Thursday, the weekly unemployment claims jumped to 965,000, a signal that rising infections are forcing businesses to lay off workers.

Under Biden’s $1.9 trillion relief package will include $415 billion to zero in on battling the pandemic, over $1 trillion in direct stimulus to families, and $440 billion to aid business amid the growing economic crisis.

The plan incorporates funding for $1,400 in additional stimulus checks to Americans who are fit for them, adding to $600 checks previously passed in Dec; and an increase in additional weekly unemployment aid from $300 to $400, The Hill detailed. 

On Thursday evening, Biden announced that he is anticipating to work with Congress and act on the legislative promptly, calling for unity as the nation facing the double whammy of the coronavirus and economic crisis.

Leading trends that will govern the geopolitics in 2021
Geopolitics

Leading trends that will govern the geopolitics in 2021

Geopolitics in 2021: Passed year 2020 was dominated by the coronavirus pandemic and impacted global economy as a result of this. The consequences of Covid-19 pandemic will also be the dominating and governing issue for the year 2021. Outbreak’s impact due to economy lockdowns and varied restrictions across the nations will continue to hover the laid down consequences. The pandemic has exacerbated many underlying issues to the forefront that were already in existence. 

Though global economy will be making the headlines, few trends would be the talking points and influencing factors of new year. 

The biggest reality exacerbated and presented to forefront in bold by pandemic has been inequality – inequality among nation, people, races. When we talk about within a country, inequality in terms of income and access to basic facilities has even worsened in midst of Covid-19 pandemic. For affluent people, it was easier to follow physical distancing. Similarly, older and more at risk people were in better isolation if having a support system, as compared to those lacking it. In United States alone, mortality was starkly higher among certain ethnic minorities. In India, as many South Asian nations, the horrific treatment of migrant workers can never be forgotten for years to come. 

The working class dependent on daily wages have suffered the most during pandemic. But this had not much to do with the generous funds dedicated for them or the lack of them. The deprivation across nations was due to the basic inequality in access to basic services of welfare and healthcare within countries even during normal times. This gap has only widened by the pandemic. Going forward in 2021, the countries who will be able to make vaccine available across people more effectively, equally and quickly would be able to bounce back more efficiently and rapidly. 

Second predominating trend for the new year is largely related to the first one – growth, investment and financing in various sectors of environment, social and governance. Countries with stable governance, inclusive social systems will be able to reach back to stable economy more effectively. 

ESG (environment, social, governance) related funds reached new heights in 2020, despite pandemic. Environment action and climate crisis were the world’s centrestage as countries came forward and together to raise relief packages for climate rescue. 

2021 will be governed by quality of relief available and domestic and international economy revival. The funds and investment for green sectors will be the overriding points for the year. 

The third and most defining and important trend for 2021 will be geoeconomics competition among nations. The constant attempts to insulate own supply chains and diversify own interests through indigenous means have amplified during pandemic. The crisis saw no attempts from nations to find a common ground to keep inter-nation trade keep going. 

All the three trends would quantify how year 2021 goes along and would govern the performance of all nations individually and together as a block. 

Chinese Court sentences Zhang Zhan for four years in jail over Covid report
Asia Pacific Focus

Chinese Court sentences Zhang Zhan for four years in jail over Covid report

Chinese Court sentences Zhang Zhan: A 37-year-old former attorney, and citizen journalist have been ordered four years in jail by a Chinese court for her reports on the Covid-19 pandemic in Wuhan. The sentence comes weeks before a global World Health Organization team of experts were expected to arrive in China to investigate the origin of the coronavirus pandemic.

Zhang was charged with indenting squabbles and inciting trouble for covering the underlying phases of the pandemic. She is the first known sentence of somebody who revealed the state authorities’ attempts to handle the virus outbreak. 

Zhang’s legal counselor Ren Quanniu told Reuters we will appeal in court as Zhang is persecuted for practicing her basic human rights.

Zhang had posted various Covid related stories on her social media accounts, especially the aftermath of the pandemic that tumbled the economy, the confinement of other reporters, and the badgering of families that inquired answers from the government over the flare-up. 

The decision has been seen as China’s attempts to detain individuals that uncovered the public authority’s attempts to contain data about the virus outbreak. 

Zhang was officially charged for spreading false news about the novel coronavirus last month. She has denied all the charges. 

Prior in Dec, the Committee to Protect Journalists, an autonomous press support organization, pummeled China for arresting 47 columnists for reporting about the pandemic that “compromised the official account of Beijing’s response”. 

According to Reuters, Zhang was confined in mid-May, she began a hunger strike in late June. The legal counselors told the court that police forcefully fed her via a tube. In Dec, she was found suffering from stomach pain, headache, nausea, low BP, and throat infection as well. 

Zhang’s bail plea and live streaming of the trial were rejected by the court, her attorney stated. 

China has been criticized for not been able to handle the coronavirus initially when it was an epidemic. The deadly virus has spread globally and has tainted more than 80 million people and killed more than 1.76 million. It has badly impacted trade, and tourism as countries banned air travel and imposed nationwide lockdown in several places.

In Shanghai, during the trial, police tightened security outside the court after seven months of Zhang’s sentence control supporters.

After the UK scare, coronavirus lands in Antarctica
Geopolitics

After the UK scare, coronavirus lands in Antarctica

Coronavirus lands in Antarctica: The first passengers to arrive from the United Kingdom landed in Calais, France, after the French Minister of Transport Jean-Baptiste Djebbari announced last night that air, sea, and rail connections would resume this morning. To travellers over 11 years old is required to show, upon arrival, a negative Covid-19 test. The first ferry to leave Dover, the ‘Cotes des Flandres’ arrived in Calais at around 3.30 am local time, followed shortly after by another ferry. Arrivals from the UK to France were suspended from Sunday, following the new British variant of the coronavirus discovery, which generated panic and concerns among other nations.

The coronavirus pandemic is not under control in France. A new blockade must remain an option, Karine Lacombe, head of the infectious disease unit at Saint-Antoine hospital in Paris, said Wednesday. “On the epidemiological front, the epidemic is not at all under control,” Lacombe told BfmFm TV. Medical experts expressed concern that holiday season could lead to a resurgence of cases in France and Europe. Data released Tuesday showed that France reported an additional 802 related deaths in the past 24 hours and 11,800 new cases.

In addition to France, Belgium and the Netherlands also partially reopen their borders with the UK. The decision arrived to allow their compatriots to return and unblock the traffic of goods. Germany extended the closure of the borders, with both Great Britain and South Africa, the two countries where outbreaks of the new most contagious coronavirus strain have developed, until 6 January. Spain, as well, suspended inbound flights until January 5 and Ireland until the end of the year. Germany recorded over 24,000 cases of coronavirus, and 962 deaths, in the last 24 hours. According to the Robert Koch Institute, whose president Lothar Wieler urged the Germans to give up traveling on holidays to stem the infections.

Singapore authorities have also blocked the arrivals or transit of passengers from the UK following the new variant of the coronavirus’ discovery. The Singapore Ministry of Health has specified that passengers who have been in the UK in the past 14 days will not be allowed to enter the country until further notice. The decision will have consequences, especially for people bound for Australia who stopover in Singapore.

While the White House emergency officer announced her resignation, the virus has landed in Antarctica, the only continent that has so far had no case. The presence of the virus has been recorded on all seven continents. The Chilean military has reported 36 cases of Covid-19 at its Bernardo O’Higgins research station in the Antarctic Peninsula. The infected, including 26 military and ten maintenance workers, were moved back to Chile. The news comes a few days after the Chilean navy confirmed three coronavirus contagions on a ship that had brought supplies and personnel to the research station. The Sargento Aldea ship arrived at the station on 27 November and returned to Chile on 10 December. Three crew members had tested positive on their return to the Talcahuano base. Chile is the sixth most affected country in Latin America, with over 585,000 COVID-19 confirmed cases.

COVID-19 new variant out of control, Europe isolates the UK
Geopolitics

COVID-19 new variant out of control, Europe isolates the UK

Europe isolates the UK: The United Kingdom has informed the World Health Organization (WHO) that the new variant of the coronavirus tracked in the south-east of the country can circulate faster, specifying that it is not yet clear whether it is more lethal. According to the Ministry of Health, the variant is already out of control. The new mutation has been also tracked in Italy, the Netherlands, Denmark, and Australia. Several EU countries today suspended flights with London.

According to the Independent, in the meantime, in the United Kingdom, the cases of Covid-19 have increased by more than 50%. In the last 24 hours, there was a peak of new infections in the country (+35,928), with another 326 victims. To avoid unpleasant surprises, however, the European chancelleries decided to isolate the United Kingdom.  Italy has suspended all flights with Great Britain. No flights from the Kingdom also to the Netherlands that closed its air traffic with the UK until January 1st following the discovery of a Dutch case. Stop also for France and Belgium.

The patient with the British variant of COVID-19 was found for the first time in Italy as well. According to health sources, the patient is in isolation, with her partner returned from the UK a few days ago. And she has a strong viral load. The woman, in the Rome area, had a swab in recent days, probably in a drive-through. Other family members and their close contacts are also in isolation.

The World Health Organization affirmed today that it is in “close contact” with the British authorities from the variant of the virus’ discovery. That would have a higher transmissibility, quantified at 70% more by Prime Minister Johnson. In a tweet, the UN agency writes that it is sharing scientific information with London and is committed to providing all updates to other member states and public opinion, “as we learn about the characteristics of this variant of the virus and its implications.”

To coordinate an EU response to the emergency due to the isolated variant the German EU presidency invited member states to an urgent meeting of the IPCR, the political crisis management mechanism, on Monday at 11 am. German presidency spokesman Sebastian Fischer announced on Twitter. London, the East and the South East of England are back in lockdown. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced this on Saturday at a press conference, committed to stemming the wave of infections attributed to the variant of Covid-19. “There are no indications that it is more deadly or that it causes a more severe form of the disease” or that it reduces the effectiveness of vaccines, he added.

Moderna: second covid vaccine to gain US authorisation
Americas

Moderna: second covid vaccine to gain US authorisation

Second covid vaccine: On Friday, US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) provided authorisation for the emergency use of the covid vaccine developed by Moderna Inc. and the National Institutes of Health. The pharmaceutical company said that the vaccine doses would be available for use by Monday. As soon as the drug company received approval, US President Donald Trump tweeted, “Congratulations, the Moderna vaccine is now available!”

Post the discussion over the vaccine, “Food and Drug Administration (FDA) chief Stephen Hahn said: “With the availability of two vaccines now for the prevention of Covid-19, the FDA has taken another crucial step in the fight against this global pandemic.”

Immunologist James Hildreth, president of Meharry Medical College in Nashville, Tennessee, during the panel discussion over the vaccine on Thursday said, “To go from having a sequence of a virus in January to having two vaccines available in December is a remarkable achievement.”

The US is the first nation to provide approval to Moderna, which is the second vaccine to be supplied in the country after the first, developed by Pfizer and Germany’s BioNTech.

Both Pfizer and Moderna’s vaccine has a success rate, in case of latter it is 94% and is relatively cheaper to transport to different locations as it doesn’t require ultra-freezing temperature for storage as Pfizer, which requires to be kept at −70 °C, where as former can be stored in a −20 °C freezer for 6 months, and in a refrigerator (at about 4 °C) for 30 days. 

Moderna can be taken by anyone 18 years old or above, where as Pfizer said that its dosage can be taken by even 16 year olds. Commending the quick development of both the vaccine, NIH Director Dr. Francis Collins said that two work “better than we almost dared to hope, science is working here, science has done something amazing.”

The two were developed in a record time of within a year. Collins assured people that the speed of the vaccine development should not be a point of concern for people as he stressed that the early outcome was  result of billions of dollars of investment doled into i

company along with government investments and years of earlier scientific research. Collins said,“The rigour of the analysis of these vaccines is unprecedented. We’re not done with this but hope is on the way, and the hope comes from this scientific brain trust that has pulled out all the stops.”

FDA has issued few directions for the vaccine shots including: both the vaccine require two dose shots with second to be taken after several weeks and from the same company as the first one.

Both the vaccines provide a slight ray of hope to the nation, a week before Christmas. The coronavirus pandemic has claimed over 312,000 lives in US alone and about 1.7 million lives worldwide. The current average of number of new cases in the US is over 216,000 per day.

Sweden king attacks the Government on coronavirus  crisis
Europe

Sweden king attacks the Government on coronavirus crisis

Sweden king attacks the Government: In Stockholm, it is not to exclude that Crown Princess Victoria, second child Madeleine, and Prince Carl Phillip, all modern digital and global young people, full of social sensitivity, have inspired their father. But the seriousness of the blow taken by Löfvén is all there: the opposition is demanding his resignation. In a press conference, the premier can’t do anything else than embarrassed agree with his Majesty. Neither he nor any minister will fall, while in the country that has chosen a no lockdown and laissez-faire policy against Covid-19, infected and dead continue to increase.

“This 2020 has been a terrible year the government has failed in the coronavirus strategy. We have all failed. The Swedish people have had a very high number of deaths as a result of this and have suffered terribly,” the 74-year-old ruler said in a televised speech to the nation. He spoke gravely, like if Sweden, at peace for over 200 years, had suddenly entered the war.

Since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic in Europe, Sweden, one of the most postmodern and organized countries in Europe, has refused any lockdown and left public places open and public transport without the obligation of mask, focusing on the sense of responsibility of citizens. The result has been and continues to be devastating: over 7800 deaths per 10 million inhabitants, that is double that in Germany with 80 million, overcrowded emergency wards, fears even for pregnant women. The whole “Tsar of public health,” the epidemiologist Ander Tegnell, supported by Löfvén, decided.

It had never happened in the 20th century, or until today, that a Swedish monarch attacks the government in office because the king or queen in modern and contemporary Sweden is symbolic representative figures of national unity, and politics leave it to the parties. It had never happened until today, because the coronavirus drama prompted Charles XVI Gustavo to condemn the minority executive headed by the Social Democratic Prime Minister Stefan Löfvén with unprecedented harshness.

According to Worldometer, from the beginning of the pandemic, Sweden recorded 367,120 covid-19 cases and nearly 8,000 deaths, twenty only yesterday. The king also confessed his fears, speaking with dignity and a human face. When asked if at the age of 74 he feels particularly in danger, he calmly replied: “The virus, due to this bankruptcy policy, has become closer to everyone every day, including me.”

Emirates along with DHL prepare to distribute coronavirus vaccine in Arab region
Middle East & Africa

Emirates along with DHL prepare to distribute coronavirus vaccine in Arab region

Emirates along with DHL: As the COVID-19 immunizations are clearing the advance tests and getting authorized for use, the Arab region’s challenge is to prepare for the vaccine distribution plan.

The Arab world’s most significant transport carrier Emirates has collaborated with DHL to launch big vaccine delivery efforts before the year ends, as per company authorities. 

According to Arab News, Nabil Sultan, divisional senior VP of Emirates SkyCargo expressed that a center has now been made at Al-Maktoum International Airport, otherwise called Dubai World Central, to receive, store and afterward distribute the jab to medical facilities across the locale. 

The latest preparations started in summer when drug firms first declared vaccine trials. “We can store nearly 1,000,000 vaccines in our office under the temperature needs set by the manufacturing companies,” Sultan stated. 

As per the latest instructions, some of the vaccines require to be stored in super cold temperatures in dry ice containers. Therefore, that could be very expensive and difficult for poorer nations.

For example, the vaccine manufactured by US drug company Pfizer in partnership with German firm BioNTech, authorized for immunization in the UK on Dec. 2 and for emergency treatment by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Dec. 12, and stored in freezing – 70 C. 

Another US drugmaker called Moderna has made its own vaccine utilizing a similar progressive mRNA strategy as Pfizer/BioNTech, which requires to be stored in cold temperatures around – 20 C. 

While, both the UK-made Oxford/AstraZeneca immunization and the Chinese-made Sinopharm jab, permitted by the UAE on Dec. 9 could be stored in the fridge.

According to Sultan, perhaps the greatest challenge is that a ton of the neighboring nations like Africa, the Middle East, and the Indian Sub-continent lack the latest medical facilities and the infrastructure in terms of storage. “Hence, bringing the vaccine to Dubai and distributing it further is the ultimate solution.” 

Indeed, even developed nations are struggling for assets in preparation for the vaccine, especially for Pfizer/BioNTech shot, says Dr. Mais Absi, a researcher at King’s College London. 

“The quantity of refrigerating cabinets with a temperature of 80 degrees Celsius is restricted in European nations,” she told Arab News. “Along these lines, you can envision the circumstance in emerging nations.” 

However, with the emergence of new vaccine candidates, the authorities will in no time be able to shop around for the best vaccines as per their requirement. Furthermore, thanks to Emirates, Dubai will be a local hub for preparing for this endeavor.

Covid-19 in the world, vaccine and new restrictions
Geopolitics

Covid-19 in the world, vaccine and new restrictions

Vaccine and new restrictions: The coronavirus pandemic has killed at least more than 1.6 million people worldwide since December 2019, according to the latest figures from Johns Hopkins University. Local authorities have officially diagnosed around 72 million cases. To date, the United States remains the country most affected by COVID-19, with nearly 300,000 deaths. Brazil follows with more than 181,000, India over 143,000, Mexico almost 114,000, and Italy more than 64,000. In North Africa, especially Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria, the virus is already out of control. Despite the restrictive measures, the lack of control by the central authorities has made the tracking of infections lose sight. Furthermore, the social stigma and religious approach to the pandemic among the population have meant that many infected people have not carried out any tests.

U.S. President Donald Trump has already made it known that he will stick to his “America first” also with regard to the vaccine. According to The New York Times, White House staff members who work closely with US President Donald Trump will be among the first in the country to receive the coronavirus vaccine. After the approval of Pfizer’s vaccine by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the distribution of the vaccine began in the United States yesterday. For now, the vaccination is limited to high-risk workers in the facilities hospital and welfare. The Trump administration aims to stop the infections that have occurred at the top of the executive power in recent months. The goal is to get the entire staff of the White House to be vaccinated.

The United Kingdom is the first in Europe to administer the vaccine to risk groups. The provider of services for the British health system “Nhs Providers” said it was concerned about the trend of infections in England, asking that further restrictions be introduced “without any delay,” under penalty of overwhelming hospitals by a third wave of Covid infections -19. The Providers, in a letter sent to British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, asked the government to exercise extreme caution in the review of the tiered restrictions system scheduled for Wednesday, December 16. And to have no hesitation in including areas of the nation, London as well, under the most stringent level 3 restrictions as soon as the number of infections made it immediately necessary. The most worrying factor, according to the NHS, is that the increases seen in some areas of the UK come at the end of a second national quarantine.

Germany launches the Christmas squeeze: between next Wednesday, December 16, and January 10, the lockout of all non-essential shops and services, the closure of schools, or, in any case, the obligation of distance lessons. Only grocery stores, pharmacies, and banks remain open. Travel is not recommended, the home office is suggested, religious ceremonies and masses are subject to severe limits. Angela Merkel announced yesterday at the end of the brief meeting with the Land, during a press conference with the Minister of Finance Olaf Scholz, and the governors of Berlin and Bavaria, Michael Mueller and Markus Soeder. “We need to act urgently,” underlined the chancellor, adding that “the goal is to return to 50 infections per 100 thousand inhabitants”.

The first Covid-19 vaccine landed on Canadian soil on Sunday. Canada and the United States will be the first Western nations after the United Kingdom to start vaccinations: “The first batch of doses of Pfizer-BioNTech’s Covi-19 vaccine has arrived in Canada,” Prime Minister Justin Trudeau wrote on Twitter. Sunday night where he posted a photo of a cargo plane being used to carry the vaccine developed by Pfizer Inc and Germany’s BioNTech SE. As for the UK, Canada Government affirmed that the initial 30,000 doses are reserved for the most vulnerable people, including the elderly in long-term care facilities and healthcare workers. Nearly 300,000 doses were expected by the end of the year, General Dany Fortin, responsible for the distribution of the vaccines, told Canadian Broadcasting Corp.

Despite the good news, Trudeau said: “Our fight against Covid-19 is not over”.  Canadian federal health authorities expect a rapid acceleration of the COVID-19 spread. That is why they asked the provinces on Friday to impose additional health restrictions ahead of the holidays. The country had over 460,000 confirmed cases, with nearly 6,000 new infections reported only yesterday. The pandemic leftover 13,000 deaths in Canada, including 81 on Saturday.

South Korea has ordered the closure of schools from tomorrow in the capital Seoul and in the surrounding areas where the infections have exceeded the peak in February. The Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) yesterday reported 718 new cases of coronavirus, down from the daily record increase of 1,030 the previous day; 682 are related to local transmission. Most of the new contagions were recorded in the Seoul metropolis, the nearby port city of Incheon, and in the province of Gyeonggi, which is home to over 25 million people.

New Zealand agreed on Monday to allow non-quarantine travel with Australia in the first quarter of 2021, nearly a year after blocking its borders to protect its population from the new coronavirus. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said the government has agreed in principle on a non-quarantine, trans-Tasman travel bubble pending confirmation from the Australian government and no significant change in circumstances in either country. A trans-Tasman travel bubble has been under discussion for months, and many Australian regions have allowed New Zealanders to enter without quarantine requirements since October, but New Zealand had not reciprocated.

Covid-19 vaccine, between geopolitics and science
Geopolitics

Covid-19 vaccine, between geopolitics and science

Geopolitics and Science: The disastrous 2020 is about to end. Among the wishes for the new year, also the anticipation for the vaccine to be received for all. December 8, 2020, will be remembered as the day 90-year-old Margaret Keenan was the first person in England to receive an mRNA vaccine outside of a clinical trial. But the historical moment we are about to live in is full of dark questions that have little to do with science. So, what story should we prepare to tell the new-born from next year? The story of the Covid-19 pandemic has unveiled issues never dormant in human history.

While the now ex-US President Donald Trump was trying to grab European companies at the forefront in the field of vaccines, other nations proceeded to vaccinate essential people in this war on the virus, like hospital staff, police, public transport drivers at home. We remember that Europe has always been and still is at the forefront in this sector worldwide. According to several reports, China had already started in spring 2019 with its self-sufficient vaccines. Also, Russia has already begun using its Sputnik V for some time and is now proceeding with mass vaccination. In the West, things follow different paths. There are precise rules agreed internationally in Europe and the USA that observe this way.

The European Commission still underlines that vaccines are the best opportunity we have to end the Covid-19 pandemic and officially proclaims that it is working to ensure that vaccines are safe, effective, and available for all following a rigorous procedure that includes: validation tests in the laboratory, studies in large clinical trials, evaluation by the European Medicines Agency, and authorization by the European Commission for the whole of Europe after consultation with all member countries. But even in democratic Europe, nationalism influences voters. So, Boris Johnson asked the British regulatory authorities to approve the Pfizer & BioNtech vaccine. Mass vaccination started from the first in the Western world. We read that Boris’s political situation a few days after Brexit is not the best. Therefore, one can imagine why he did it, as well as perhaps the risk of having to pay duties if everything had happened after the breakup.

Phase 3 studies must take place where the infection affects many people. For example, in China, the cases are practically eliminated except in people who come from other countries, so a study that follows the rules of a correct clinical trial it is not technically possible. Consequently, the vaccines are going tested in other nations where the virus is doing more victims like Brazil. In the United States, which has the largest number of cases in the world, Chinese vaccines are not tested, of course. But China, in its great power, has started collaborations with many other countries, poor and rich, like the United Arab Emirates to penetrate those markets, using the vaccine as a Trojan horse. The same for Russia with Turkey and perhaps in the future also with Hungary, feeling part of the European Union and a little not.

It is important to note that the largest vaccine experiment in history is starting. Thanks to modern technologies, it will be possible to evaluate and ascertain the safety of vaccines in an extremely superior way compared to when the two vaccines for polio were introduced in the 1950s. A few weeks ago, the World Health Organization declared Africa polio-free. This infection could be declared eradicated if pockets do not persist where there is fighting, where there are religious exploitation and where those who go to vaccinate children risk their lives. The combination of interests to keep the arms market profitable and religious fanaticism play on the ignorance of poor people and leave us insecure that we are not all defended. Then the bill is paid by the most vulnerable patients or the immunosuppressed.

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