Europe

Brussels Conference 2020: Experts and government officials caution against Erdogan’s expansionist strategies
Europe

Brussels Conference 2020: Experts and government officials caution against Erdogan’s expansionist strategies

On Tuesday, The European Parliament held a European conference facilitated in Brussels. The Conference entitled “Turkish intervention in the Mediterranean” and its objectives, causes, and threats. 

Many politicians, political experts, and deputies were representing different political trends from five European nations, such as the Dr. Costas Mavrides, MEP for Cyprus and Chairman of the Political Committee for the Mediterranean in the Parliament; H. E. Yasar Yakis, the former Turkish Foreign Minister; Professor Niyazi Kizilyurk, MEP from Cyprus; Jean Valere Baldacchino, President of The Geopolitical Research and Analysis Circle in Paris, and Dr. Magnus Norell, Adjunct Scholar at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

The meeting concentrated on two principle parts: Turkish intervention in the eastern Mediterranean, explicitly the issue of gas research off the shoreline of Cyprus, and the Turkish direct military mediation in Libya. Various members censured the marking of the Libyan administration of compromise led by Fayez al-Sarraj with the Turkish regime, saying that these understandings undermine stability in the Mediterranean. 

At the opening of the Conference, former Turkish Foreign Minister Yasar Yakis made a comprehensive historical introduction. In which he highlighted the reasons that incited Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to consent to the arrangement with the Libyan government. 

The maritime borders in the Mediterranean and the length of oceanic borders that add up to 1700 km with Greece and the remainder of the Mediterranean nations is one of the few reasons.

Yakis reflected that Turkey has demanded to partition the sea borders and freedom to access its riches, and this is the objective through which Erdogan tries to get a legitimate right in regards to maritime edges. Along these lines, a unilateral deal was marked with Libya to demarcate the oceanic borders without counseling with the remainder of the Mediterranean nations. 

“It urges us to ask questions about the risks assailing Turkey through its concentration in Libya,” he said.

He included, “Erdogan’s approaches may transform Libya into another Syria.” He expressed this mainly as a result of its oil riches, particularly since Turkey right now not have any apparent policy to escape this emergency. 

He included that Erdogan additionally consented to a military collaboration deal with the legislature of Tripoli. However, the significant issue with this administration is that it’s dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood and state armies connected to terror-based groups.

He additionally cautioned that the vague Erdogan’s Turkish foreign policy might place Ankara in grave peril because of this extension towards Libya. 

Niyazi Kizilyurk, MEP for Cyprus, placed the Turkish intervention in Libya in the class of the contest for energy sources and thought about that Erdogan was causing Turkey’s separation through its expansionist approaches. 

Kizilyurk stated that Cyprus has the freedom to invest its energy assets inside its sea borders, yet Turkey won’t acknowledge this right and power. 

He inquired as to why Erdogan wouldn’t consult with the nations of the region to arrive at an understanding that fulfills all parties and permits the dissemination of wealth of energy, which falls within the international laws. 

Costas Mavrides, MEP for Cyprus and chair of the Political Committee for the Mediterranean in European Parliament, stressed that the policy that Erdogan had been actualizing thoughtfully in the Islamic world for quite a while is placing him in face to face showdown with the remainder of the nations of the district. Consequently, this expansionist policy was the center of the issue through these hostile strategies that don’t acknowledge international laws. 

Mavrides thinks that this model is essential for Erdogan, as the Turkish parliament bolsters him and votes in favor of him with laws intended for securing people with Ottoman roots in the area as occurred with Muslims in Cyprus. 

He concluded that Erdogan’s policies undermined the security of the Mediterranean, stressing that there was no part to play for Turkey in Libya. Furthermore, the agreement that Erdogan marked with Libya doesn’t fit in with the laws of the United Nations or European laws since Turkey doesn’t recognize Cyprus, which is a part of the United Nations and a member of the EU. 

Magnus Norell, a scholar at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, talked about the Turkish foreign policy of the Erdogan government. In which he noticed that the Turkish intervention in Libya encapsulates the post-zero policy issue, a situation that is brimming with questions, which he depicted as an expansionist approach that undermines security and balance. 

Norell expressed in the meeting that these expansionist choices are turning into pressure for Turkey and have built difficulties for Erdogan with nations in the region, for example, Egypt and Iran. 

He likewise emphasized the requirement for Europe to intercede to block arms exports to Libya, notably weapons from Turkey, since it disrupts security and dependability in the area and represents a risk to the Mediterranean nations. 

Jean Valere Baldacchino, President of The Geopolitical Research and Analysis Circle in Paris, likewise talked about Turkey’s expansionist strategy in Libya. Also, he concentrated on the degree of its peril to the war France is pursuing against terror based groups in Africa and Mali specifically. He stated that Turkey had aspirations for energy sources in the Mediterranean territory, expansionist offensive strategy, and justifying its interference in neighboring nations. Baldacchino also stressed and regretted that Europe didn’t manage the Erdogan government firmly and stringently. 

All the members in the Brusselsconference expressed their concern over the Turkish intrusion in the Mediterranean, which would have territorial and global consequences, and also on metaphorically transforming Libya into another Syria in a brief period.

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United Kingdom to bar the entry of unskilled workers and non-English speakers
Europe

United Kingdom to bar the entry of unskilled workers and non-English speakers

Introducing its Australian-style point’s document on Wednesday, the UK administration stated that they will handle and take the opportunity to grab “full control” of British borders “for the first time in 10 years” and wipe out the “distortion” brought about by the EU freedom of movement.

England is to shut its borders to those who can’t speak English and to unskilled workers as a significant aspect of a critical update of migration laws that will end the period of cheap EU workers in inns, factories, warehouses, and cafés.

However, industry pioneers promptly blamed the legislature for an attack on the economy warning of “awful” outcomes like closure to factories, cafes, and increased unemployment.

A 10-page document outlining the new migration strategy states:

• UK borders will be shut for migrants who cannot communicate in English and unskilled workers.

• Anyone desiring to work in the UK must have an employment letter with a pay limit of £25,600 – however, a pay “floor” of £20,480 will be adequate in exceptional situations where there may have a shortage of skills, for example, in nursing.

• There will be no way for self-employed individuals coming into the UK, spelling the conclusion to, for instance, Polish handymen or Romanian builder arriving without work.

• Border control will no longer acknowledge ID cards from nations, for example, Italy and France. This, it is known, is an endeavor to cinch down on non-EU laborers beating the system with forged or borrowed ID cards.

• The aptitudes threshold for foreign nationals needing to work in the UK will be lowered from degree down to A-levels or equivalent to A level. The cap on the skilled workers is being rejected, and few profoundly highly skilled workers will be permitted to enter without a job.

• The privilege of performers, artists, sportspeople, and musicians coming for performances, contests, and auditions will be maintained.

The UK administration plans to launch a complete campaign to equip employers for the transformation in January next year as the EU citizens will be dealt with similarly as other nationals.

Yet, the new system drew immediate analysis from employers, especially over the expansion of waitresses and waiters and elementary agribusiness and fishery laborers to the rundown of low-skilled workers.

Industry pioneers cautioned the progressions would hugely affect food preparing manufacturing factories that depend intensely on EU laborers to keep the general store shelves brimming with pre-packed non-veg.

Chief of policy at the Recruitment and Employment Confederation, Tom Hadley, stated: “Occupations the administration considers ‘low-skilled’ are crucial to wellbeing and business development. The announcement threatens to shut out the people whose services we need to cater to the general public.

“We need access to laborers that can enable us to take care of the old, help building homes, and keep the economy solid,” he added.

Article Credit: The Guardian

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David Frost: democratic consent would snap if UK acceded to EU rules
Europe, Geopolitics

David Frost: democratic consent would snap if UK acceded to EU rules

Boris Johnson’s chief Brexit negotiator David Frost set out his red lines in public discourse in front of formal discussions with Brussels on a trade deal due to commence one month from now.

He stated the democratic assent of the British public would “snap drastically and eventually” if the UK kept attached to EU rules.

In a notable opening to Brussels, Frost acknowledged that the mediators would need to expand on the models contained in other EU free trade agreements. However, he demanded that the capacity to break free from the EU’s rulebook was necessary to the idea behind Brexit and that the UK’s position would be tabled in “written letter” one week from now. “We are not searching for anything unique,” he included

He likewise said that the UK would not partake in any EU events or agencies that put the nation under the authority of the EU court.

The EU’s negotiating instructions are expected to be settled on 25 February. A draft record published this month demonstrated that Brussels would explore at least “non-regression” from current ecological, social, and laborers’ models once the UK has left the single market and customs association on 31 December 2020.

The bloc is expected to request a “dynamic alliance” by the UK on the EU’s state competition and funding rules. The UK would set up an independent body supervising the standards, yet it would operate in cooperation with the European Commission.

Johnson stated in an ongoing discourse in Greenwich that he would prefer to acknowledge overwhelming duties on merchandise being exchanged than join to anything so cumbersome.

Frost stated in Brussels: “Guidelines and administrative choices are so crucial to how the number of residents in a region feels bound into the authenticity of its legislature that this structure would be essentially unsustainable: eventually, vote based assent would snap – drastically and ultimately.”

Frost included: “It isn’t merely a simple negotiating position which may run under tension; it is the purpose of the entire project. That is likewise why we won’t extend the transition beyond the end of 2020. By then, we recuperate our political and financial autonomy in full. For what reason would we want to delay it?

“The reason why we expect open and reasonable challenge arrangements dependent on a free trade deal. The point of reference isn’t that we need a moderate result on competition rules. It is that the basis of an FTA and the examples of the text contained in genuine concurred FTAs are the most suitable ones for the relationship of sovereign people in profoundly delicate zones identifying with how their jurisdiction is administered and how their populaces offer to agree to that administration.

Article Credit: The Guardian

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Labour’s Brexit: McDonnell and Starmer show a different sharp stance
Europe

Labour’s Brexit: McDonnell and Starmer show a different sharp stance

A sharp split has developed between the two principal architects of Labour’s Brexit policy, as Keir Starmer and John McDonnell conveyed a sharply different stance on how their strategy influenced the party’s performance in December’s general elections.

The shadow Brexit secretary, Starmer, stated in a separate interview that their policy was correct, and it was not the only reason the party faced its most exceedingly terrible election loss since 1935.

The shadow chancellor, McDonnell, who is said to have persuaded Jeremy Corbyn to uphold a second referendum, stated in an interview that the party had been gripped in a vice attempting to please voters and members. The Tories had an underlying message that was “unchallengeable,” he recommended.

McDonnell’s mediation is the first occasion when he has given such a frank evaluation of the policy he helped devise and how it might have at last hit Labour at the polling booth. He added the party should now leave the issue for a generation and acknowledge that Brexit was going on.

He included, “The truth currently is Brexit will occur. Would we be able to get a Brexit that, in any event, ensures occupations and the economy? Also, would we be able to build up another relationship with Europe?” The Guardian reported.

McDonnell will sit at the backbenches while a new Labour head is elected. One of his first duty will be to set up relationships with socialist parties in the EU. Andsee how they concede to a policy program for the fate of left in Europe without Britain in the EU.

On Sunday, Starmer confidently supported the policy he helped negotiate and stated that he would have proceeded further and accelerated the initiative to tell members which side they should campaign. He added going into polls saying Labour would attempt to get another deal was the right exercise because Boris Johnson’s plan “would be damaging for our nation.”

Other members from the shadow cabinet have stated since the polls defeat that they more than once cautioned the party not to back another referendum on Brexit and to incline more toward their leave-backing voters.

Article Credit: The Guardian

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British Customer To Pay Dearly Over Undefined Border Check Balances
Europe

British Customer To Pay Dearly Over Undefined Border Check Balances

Britain is getting a taste of its own medicine as the effect of Brexit has started to trickle down. There is a chance of low supply and higher prices as the Johnson government has not been able to come on a level ground, over regulatory checks on ports.  This has been communicated by a retail industry’s lobby group.

Till the time, Britain was a part of the European Union it enjoyed seamless inflow of goods. But with its exit from the EU, this is going to become a problem. With border controls missing, the EU does not intent to cooperate with British related trade anymore. The UK government has now confirmed that border controls will be put into place, to ensure the right customs and excise duties are collected and borders are kept secure after the 11-month transition period ends on Dec. 31.

It is evident that this has to be done at the earliest; something the EU had urged Johnson’s administration to see through before the split. The British Retail Consortium (BRC) are rightly warned that without practical agreements with the EU, companies could be required to produce a mountain of paperwork at border crossings – VAT sales tax and excise documents, freight documents, health and veterinary paperwork, export health certificates, exit and entry summary declarations, and safety and security permits. A zero tariff agreement is the best bet, to save shifting costs to the customer. The most affected will be food products. Almost 80% of all the food that UK retailers import comes from the EU.

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Germany and Turkey confirm a settlement in Libya and calm Idlib.
Europe

Germany and Turkey confirm a settlement in Libya and calm Idlib.

Turkish Foreign Minister, Mevlüt Çavuşoglu, announced during a press conference with his German counterpart Haikou Maas in Munich on Saturday that no stability can be achieved in Idlib, Syria, as well as in the Libyan file through a military solution.

 He said: “We must find a quick solution and make efforts to achieve a cease-fire in Idlib.”

He added that “our discussions with the Russian side on Idlib should be kept in a diplomatic framework, and if we are not able to do so we will take other steps.”

 In the Libyan file, Ihsanoglu stressed that “the solution in Libya cannot be military, and we are seeking to achieve a ceasefire.”

 The two ministers participate in the activities of the security conference currently being held in Munich.

For his part, Mas said after his meeting with Ihsanoglu, saying: “We talked about Libya and the meeting that will be held next Sunday, and the Turkish foreign minister confirmed his commitment to the Berlin track.”

 Mas added that the talks touched on the situation in Syria and the humanitarian disaster in Idlib

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Turkey, Hakan Sukur against Erdogan: “Fight for justice and human freedom”
Europe

Turkey, Hakan Sukur against Erdogan: “Fight for justice and human freedom”

Do you remember Hakan Sukur? The former Turkish striker, 48 years old, a past in Italy with the shirts of Turin, Inter and Parma and holder of the record of the fastest goal in the World Cup gained during the match Turkey-South Korea 2002, final for third place, goal after 10 seconds and 8 cents, today he is forced to be an Uber driver on the streets of Washington and to sell books in the USA. The reason? Contrasts with Turkish President Erdogan. “He took everything away from me, I have nothing left.” Says Sukur talking to Italian media, stressing that he is not a traitor.

Sukur, who retired in 2008, decided to pursue a political career by siding with Erdogan’s party (AKP), so much so that he was elected parliamentarian in 2011, but the idyll ended soon. In 2016 the beginning of the nightmare, when he was accused of participating in the failed coup and of being close to Fetullah Gulen, former ally and subsequently enemy of the Turkish president.
Accusations that today the former Inter player, in a harsh outburst at Welt am Sonntag, rejects the sender: “Golpe? What would have been my role? Nobody can explain it. I have always done legal things. I am not a traitor or a terrorist. I am an enemy of the government, but not of the state or the nation, I love my country”.

Hakan Sukur has been literally persecuted in recent years, he and his family. “Thanks to the party my popularity had increased. Then when the hostilities started everything changed. I received constant threats after each declaration” confessed the ex-Galatasaray.
“They threw bombs in my wife’s boutique; my children were mistreated in the street. My father was imprisoned and all the assets were confiscated”. He revealed, confessing that forced therefore to emigrate to the United States, initially the problems continued there too: “I managed a coffee shop in California – he explains -, but strange people came to the bar playing Dombra music, defined by the AKP as the music of real Turks”.

Intimidations that seem to have ceased today, even if Sukur is forced to sell books and take people for a walk through the Uber application. Hoping to be able to return freely to Turkey, here is a message to Erdogan: “Return to democracy, justice and human rights. Interested in the problems of the people. Become the president that Turkey needs.”
The situation facing him is not unique. Indeed, his situation is in many ways emblematic of the wave of repression that has gripped Turkey with Muslim Brotherhood leadership. On Tuesday, another landmark verdict is expected in the case of the businessman Osman Kavala and 15 others accused of conspiring to overthrow Erdogan government. Despite failing to produce a shred of evidence to support their claim, the prosecution has nevertheless sought life in prison for them.

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Pressure rises on Angela Merkel’s CDU to find a new leader following AKK’s resignation
Europe, Geopolitics

Pressure rises on Angela Merkel’s CDU to find a new leader following AKK’s resignation

Pressure develops on concerned Christian Democratic Union to accelerate the process to find a new leader following AKK resignation. This could prompt a paralysis inside Angela Merkel’s party that could spread over the EU when Germany assumes the rotating administration of the council of the European Union.

The German center-right has been in shock since Merkel’s assigned successor, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, quit after CDU lawmakers in the eastern province of Thuringia opposed guidelines not to favor the far-right in state elections.

While Germany has been in speculation about who could take the nation’s biggest and most grounded party into the post-Merkel period, the three top contenders have been hesitant to enter the competition.

German media gave an account on Friday that Kramp-Karrenbauer could raise the pace by reporting a timetable, or even her preferred candidate, on 24 February. The CDU’s press office would neither affirm nor dismiss the reports.

Senior German conservatives caution that neglecting the topic of the administration undecided until following the spring break would jeopardize increasing the CDU’s paralysis across the matters of the EU. In July, Germany formally takes control over the task of leading meetings of the board of the EU.

Gunther Krichbaum, the CDU chair of the committee on EU issues in the Bundestag, expressed, “Whether you need it or not, there’s a desire that Germany and France take up a joint administration role.”

Merkel’s strategy to gradually phase out her 20-year career at the front line of German politics has been shattered since her beneficiary, “AKK,” declared her departure on 10 February, The Guardian published. Read more articles and Geopolitics News and Updates click here.

Article Credit: The Guardian

The European Union is ready to help implement the ceasefire in Libya.
Europe, Geopolitics

The European Union is ready to help implement the ceasefire in Libya.

German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas confirmed, during his speech at the International Security Conference in Munich, that the European Union is ready to provide assistance in implementing the ceasefire in Libya, “according to the request of the United Nations.”
Maas added that the European Union countries will consider next Monday contributing to the implementation of the arms embargo to Libya.
Maas also confirmed that the foreign ministers of the countries participating in the “Berlin Track on Libya” will meet next Sunday in Munich.

Maas stressed the necessity of “Europe not abandoning its role in the crises of Syria, Libya and the Sahel, in favor of arms exporters.” In this context, Maas considered that extremists on the African coast threaten the security of Europe.

It is noteworthy that European officials confirmed to “France Press” that Austria is blocking the resumption of the maritime operation of the European Union, which is charged with monitoring the ban on sending weapons to Libya.

A European official, who asked not to be identified, acknowledged that contacts at the highest level were being held to settle this issue, but it has not produced any results so far.

A meeting of the Union’s foreign ministers will be held in Brussels in this regard on Monday.
Another diplomat said about the new goal entrusted to the European Union mission named “Sofia”, that “the Austrians continue to refuse to deploy ships and confirm that they are receiving support from the Hungarians.”

The Austrian Prime Minister Sebastian Kurtz told a German newspaper early February that the process “will not happen”. He added, “The Sofia operation has always been a rescue mission and has become an entry point for thousands of illegal immigrants to Europe.”
Austria and Hungary have consistently refused to take part in sponsoring the migrants the Sofia mission is saving under relief efforts at sea. The two countries also object to solidarity within the European Union for the redistribution of migrants.

European Foreign Minister Josep Borrell proposed a revised operational zone for the activities of European ships mandated to monitor the United Nations arms embargo on Libya. These operations are supposed to take place at sea, outside the roads of drug traffickers.
But the Austrians reject these arguments, according to sources, “Agence France Presse,” which stated that “in this position, Austria permits leaving the sea to others and does not help calm the crisis in Libya.” You can find more Geopolitics News and Updates link us.

India urged Turkey not to interfere in its  internal affairs
Asia Pacific Focus, Europe

India urged Turkey not to interfere in its internal affairs

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of India calls on the Turkish leadership not to interfere in the internal affairs of India and rejects all references made by the Turkish side to the situation in the Indian part of Kashmir. This is stated in the commentary by the official representative of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of India, Ravish Kumar, posted on Saturday on the Ministry website.
“India rejects all references to Jammu and Kashmir, which is an integral and integral part of India. We urge the Turkish leadership not to interfere in the internal affairs of India and correctly evaluate the facts, including the serious terrorism threat coming from Pakistan for India and the region,” in a statement.
The commentary of the representative of the Indian Foreign Ministry followed after Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan, while on a visit to Pakistan, promised last Friday to continue supporting Pakistan on the issue of Kashmir’s territorial affiliation. Follow us for more Latest Asia Pacific News.

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