Tag: China

China’s wet markets open shop amid global pressure for ban on wildlife trade
Asia Pacific Focus

China’s wet markets open shop amid global pressure for ban on wildlife trade

Even as the coronavirus pandemic continues to paralyze the health system and economy all over the world, China’s wet markets have, reportedly, started to open up. Notably, it has been suspected by the experts that the COVID-19 virus resulting in the deaths of thousands of people across the world emerged from wild animals from the wet markets in China’s Wuhan city. Following the initial pandemic outbreak in Wuhan, approximately 20,000 wet markets were forced to close shop in China. After China’s lifted the lockdown earlier in April, the wet markets have started opening up in several parts of the country.

However, as China remerges from the pandemic crisis, there is pressure mounting on the mainland from international bodies calling for the strict prohibition in the wet-markets. The United Nations biodiversity has called for stricter measures to curb the sale and consumption of wild animals not only in China but countries across the world. UN Biodiversity chief Elizabeth Maruma Mrema has also called for the countries to curb the trading of live animals in the markets in order to reduce the risk of future zoonotic/disease outbreak. Experts also believe that the reopening of the wet markets in China is a matter of concern, calling for global pressure on the country to reconsider its actions on the trading of the wild and exotic animals.

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There has been an ongoing debate on the complete ban on the wet markets. While a section of the society argues that these wet markets provide livelihood to locals where the people sell and buy the products, other section of the society has called for a ban exclusively on sale of live and wild animals. The World Health Organisation has also come under pressure from conservation groups demanding the closure of live animals trading in such markets to prevent the risk they pose on spreading global pandemics.

Amid the discourse, China’s Shenzhen became the first city in the mainland to ban the sale and consumption of dogs and cats.
While it has been over four months since the inception of the disease, vaccination is almost 12/18 months away, as per the scientific experts. Even as mainland China lifted the lockdown, the country is restricting the movement of the citizens over concerns of the second wave of infections.

Meanwhile, the number of positive COVID-19 cases across the world has crossed 14,47,000 with over 80,000 deaths.

How TikTok is a potential threat to America’s national  security
Americas

How TikTok is a potential threat to America’s national security

Believing that the Chinese make social media application TikTok could be a threat to national security of America. Considered the most downloaded application in 2019, the Republican Senator David Hawley has passed a legislation to ban the use of the app on any of the devices private or of governmental use, if held by any federal employee.

Hawley who is currently serving as the junior United States Senator from Missouri, spoke about the way the application invades into the privacy of the user. Seeing it as a huge breach in governmental handlings, the use of the same by any federal employee can be catastrophic.

According to Chinese government laws, the application is suppose to share all its user data. It is owned by a Chinese company which has Chinese communist members in leadership.
According to reliable sources, the information gathered by the application includes Information about messages, applications, sites you might be accessing, search history, location data and maybe lots more.

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The Pentagon, Homeland Security and Transportation Security Administration (TSA) have all directed that none of their employees or family at home may have the TikTok application on their phones.
Owned by the company ByteDance, the company owns many other applications and is considered China’s facebook. It had come under scrutiny in 2017 when it was discovered that it was censoring content that ‘could anger and displease governments’ where they were operating. It was later discovered that on pressure from the Chinese lawmakers, the company was sharing user data with the leadership.

Several American lawmakers had already pressed for investigations into the working of the application in October 2017. Even other AI enabled instruments like Alexa could be a potential breach in confidentiality. Working from home in the lockdown period, a lot of lawyers have warned their clients to keep the Alexa at bay. It could be actually listening to confidential conversations.

Shenzhen creates history, becomes first Chinese city to ban consumption of dogs and cats
Asia Pacific Focus

Shenzhen creates history, becomes first Chinese city to ban consumption of dogs and cats

As various countries across the world continue their fight against the COVID-19 pandemic which has brought the lives of the citizen to a standstill, Shenzhen city in China has become the first city in the East Asian country to ban the consumption of dogs and cats. Authorities at Shenzhen city took the historic decision on April 1 with a new low which will come into effect from May 1. As per the law, the consumption and production of the meat of wild animals including cats and dogs have been banned and people caught selling, breeding or eating wild animals could be punished.

The decision was taken by the Mainland city in an attempt to clampdown the trade of wildlife in the aftermath of the inception of the Coronavirus pandemic in Wuhan city in December 2019. In an order released by the city government, it has been stated that the ban has been imposed as a response to the spirit of human civilization. Animal welfare groups have also come forward in praising the efforts of the Chinese city in the protection of the wildlife.

Experts argued that the deadly disease spread across to the humans from animals after early signs showed were seen in people who were exposed to the markets in China’s Wuhan city where trading of wild animals used to take place.

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According to some reports, as the Coronavirus cases begin to ease in the Mainland, the wet markets where the wild animals including bats and pangolins were traded have reopened and the daily life of the people is gradually returning to normal. For many years, environmentalists and wildlife activists have been demanding the prohibition of trade and consumption of wild animals in China.

While the COVID-19 cases are lowering in China, the epicentre of the pandemic is shifting to the United States and Europe. While many countries across the globe are still under complete lockdown, China is slowly and cautiously opening up its markets. There are over 1 million positive COVID-19 cases reported worldwide since the outbreak. Meanwhile, China will observe April 3 as the national day of mourning to commemorate the sacrifice of the people who lost their lives fighting the COVID-19 disease.

Why America is short of masks and does want Chinese makes?
Americas

Why America is short of masks and does want Chinese makes?

Battling the corona virus outbreak wasn’t enough, that countries are now finding it difficult to find protective masks to support the medical staff worldwide.

The United States is in dire straits. Hospitals are bleeding for space and medical aid workers are now short of everything they need in terms of self preservation. There is a huge shortage of face masks and other safety equipment. China has gone one step ahead and is now churning out Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) respirators for its medical aids.

The strange part is that there are eager individuals wishing to rope in the Chinese PPE manufacturers, but are unable to do so. Blame it on the layers of approvals that the American government wants to through, before such protective gear can be imported.

The Chinese makes are getting supplied to parts of Asia and Europe. Other issues holding back the delivery to American medical aid workers, doctors and nurses includes the innumerable confusing government regulations that would prefer it own products over others, old-school billing practices, apart from the fact that hospital administrators are actually scared of being sued of handing over such masks to nurses and first responders during the coronavirus pandemic.

Strained diplomatic relations seem to be taking precedence over the Trump government taking active steps to ramp up domestic production of such masks. Medical staff has shared stories with the media of using all sorts of things has protective masks. They are also lamenting over hospitals using age old systems of dispensing salaries months later.

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The N95 respirators cannot be re-used frequently, due to repeated exposure to the virus. But nurses in the US have been asked to do so. America has not been able to innovate and adapt to the pandemic in real time- is the general consensus of medical staff.

Currently, the international company 3M has pledged to produce more than 1 billion N95s by the end of the year. The shortage has been exasperated by the attitude of the hospitals and government together that are not proactive in using other respirators available in the market. These include the Chinese KN95, which may not meet FDA regulations but offers comparable levels of protection, and is certainly more effective than other makeshift masks. Medical staff has been force cloth, handkerchiefs, a piece of cotton or gauze, let alone a bra cups as well.

Algeria to sue FRANCE24 over defamatory statements
Europe

Algeria to sue FRANCE24 over defamatory statements

Javier Driencourt ,The French Ambassador to Algeria, was summoned on Tuesday, March 31, by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Sabri Boukadoum following the false, hateful and defamatory statements with regards to Algeria, held on a show in the French television channel FRANCE24 , indicates a press release from the Algerian foreign affairs Ministry FAM.

The Ambassador of France to Algeria had a meeting with the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who informed him of the strong protests in Algeria following the false statements made by a French researchers working in spain Regarding Algeria and its authorities, where he accused military generals of diverting medical giving by china to Algeria ,to a military hospital during a political show broadcasted on many French public television channels.

While asking the French Ambassador to Algeria to bring these protests to the highest authorities in his country, the Minister of Foreign Affairs warned him that if this denigration of Algeria persists at a time when all efforts must converge on the fight against the Covid-19 pandemic,then serious measures will be taken.

The Algerian embassy in Paris “had been instructed to take legal action against FRANCE24 and the individual who made the abusive remarks about Algeria”.

All these tensions occurred because of the statements of Francis Ghilès, researcher at the Center for International Relations in Barcelona, on the the French channel “France 24”, in which he affirmed that “the material and the sanitary protections received from China were taken to Ain Naadja military hospital in the capital city Algiers upon arrival instead of being distributed to civil hospitals on affected cities like Blida or Boufarik.

The Chinese embassy has condemned in an official statement the remarks made by the Researcher

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Coronavirus. The six stages of the pandemic, how it develops and how will end
Americas, Europe

Coronavirus. The six stages of the pandemic, how it develops and how will end

Each pandemic has its own course. From the declaration of the beginning of a pandemic wave to the peak and deceleration, to then prepare for a future wave. These are the steps that need to be addressed every time an epidemic spread globally. These are the reference adopted internationally by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CoC). The scientists believe that the progression of a pandemic occurs in six steps. The first is the appearance of a new dangerous microorganism for humans, as happened in China in late 2019 with the coronavirus SarsCoV2. In this phase, the first objective is to assess the level of risk and aggressiveness. The second step is to identify all cases of contagion to understand the potential spread and to adopt containment actions. The third step marks the beginning of a global spread infection, the pandemic. The fourth step corresponds to the acceleration of the pandemic wave, with an epidemiological curve pointing upwards. Public health actions focus on containment interventions, such as the closure of schools and social distancing, as well as the use of drugs and the search for a vaccine. The goal of these combined actions is to reduce the spread of the virus into population. The fifth step consists in the progressive and constant reduction of cases and, in parallel, of containment actions as happened in China, in Italy and how is happening in the USA now. The sixth and final step marks the end of the pandemic and at the same time the beginning of a phase of preparation for further waves.

But how will all this end? An answer comes by Ed Yong, Science writer at The Atlantic and author of I CONTAIN MULTITUDES, a New York Times bestseller on animal-microbe partnerships. Yong affirms in his paper that whether through accumulating herd immunity or the long-awaited arrival of a vaccine, the virus will find spreading explosively more and more difficult. The Science writer stress that it’s unlikely to disappear entirely. “The vaccine may need to be updated as the virus changes, and people may need to get revaccinated on a regular basis, as they currently do for the flu. Models suggest that the virus might simmer around the world, triggering epidemics every few years or so”. The expectation is that the severity of the virus would decline, and there would be less societal upheaval. In this future, COVID-19 may become like the flu is today — a recurring scourge of winter. Perhaps it will eventually become so mundane that even though a vaccine exists, large swaths of Gen C won’t bother getting it, forgetting how dramatically their world was molded by its absence. Ed Young write on Medium (https://medium.com/the-atlantic/how-the-pandemic-will-end-c6200beea706).

After the pandemic, people who recover from COVID-19 might be shunned and stigmatized, as were survivors of Ebola, SARS, and HIV. Health-care workers will take time to heal: One to two years after SARS hit Toronto, people who dealt with the outbreak were still less productive and more likely to be experiencing burnout and post-traumatic stress. People who went through long bouts of quarantine will carry the scars of their experience. “My colleagues in Wuhan note that some people there now refuse to leave their homes and have developed agoraphobia,” says Steven Taylor of the University of British Columbia, who wrote The Psychology of Pandemics. But there is also the potential for a much better world after we get through this trauma. Already, communities are finding new ways of coming together, even as they must stay apart. Attitudes to health may also change for the better.

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Spain returns ‘faulty’ coronavirus testing kits bought from Chinese company as experts say China is filling the void left by Europe’s usual go-to ally the US
Europe

Spain returns ‘faulty’ coronavirus testing kits bought from Chinese company as experts say China is filling the void left by Europe’s usual go-to ally the US

A Chinese company offered Friday to replace thousands of faulty coronavirus test kits after Spanish health authorities – desperate for materials to cope with the world’s second highest COVID-19 death toll – complained they did not work as promised.

China has sold face masks and other medical equipment through a series of personal contacts with Spanish authorities, including discussions between chief executives of Chinese tech giant Alibaba and Spain’s King Felipe.

But the first shipment of 640,000 test kits was found to have “insufficient sensibility” to reliably identify infected patients, according to Health Minister Salvador Illa, who announced Thursday that 58,000 kits had been returned.

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    The Chinese company supplying the test kits, Shenzhen Bioeasy Technology, said in a statement quoted by Reuters that the incorrect results may have resulted from a failure to collect samples or use the kits correctly.

The firm said it had not adequately communicated with clients how to use the kits and would resend them “assuring the sensitivity and specificity needed to help Spain fight against COVID-19.”

Spanish medical experts, who have examined the 9,000 kits delivered last week, said they have only a 30 percent probability of detecting the virus.

“They are useless,” said Victor Jimenez Cid, a senior professor in microbiology at Madrid’s Complutense University. For a test to be effective it must have a 70 percent to 80 percent probability of detecting the virus, Cid said.

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The failure of Bioeasy’s testing kits is a painful setback for Spanish medical authorities, who are struggling to cope with more than 64,000 cases of COVID-19 and more than 4,900 deaths, second only to Italy.

It is also hugely embarrassing to China, which is seeking to rehabilitate a national image tarnished by its faulty early response to the virus in Wuhan by offering assistance to other hard-hit countries.

“First they send us the virus, then they sell us the medications to stop it and then defraud us. It’s great for China” said a guest in a panel discussion on a broadcast on the Spanish TV channel La Sexta.

The test is performed by dipping a swab with a sample of a patient’s saliva in a protein extraction that gives color indications of the virus’s presence. The speedy method is essential for emergency examinations by hospitals as well as improvised drive-through facilities that Spanish authorities are setting up to isolate and quickly treat cases of contamination.

Until now, Spanish hospitals have relied on slower molecular laboratory testing, which requires specialized personnel and take four hours to produce a result. Tests like those offered by Bioeasy are supposed to produce a diagnosis in 15 minutes.

Mass testing methods proved essential in South Korea’s successful effort against coronavirus and they are recommended by the World Health Organization as an essential way of controlling the pandemic’s spread.

The Chinese embassy in Spain tweeted that Shenzen Bioeasy is not licensed to sell the product and is not included on a list of “recommended suppliers,” which its ministry of commerce offered the Spanish government.

Spain’s health ministry said Bioeasy products have been approved by European Union quality control agencies and that the “specifications of this test, at least of the lot that was received, do not correspond with EU quality certifications.”
Officials said the deal with Bioeasy was made through an unidentified intermediary.

Health ministry emergency coordinator Fernando Simon said Spain is trying to import 6 million testing kits from China and other EU countries. He also said that “intense efforts” are underway with Spanish biotechnology firms to produce them.

American warship crosses the Taiwan Strait amid tensions with China
Americas

American warship crosses the Taiwan Strait amid tensions with China

The US and Taiwan armies said that an American warship passed through the Taiwan Strait amid escalating tension between Taiwan and China, tensions that reached a level that prompted the Taiwanese Air Force recently to send its fighters to intercept Chinese fighters.

A statement of the Taiwan Defense Ministry said on Thursday that the ship passed through the strait and was under the control of the Taiwan armed forces.

The ministry described the vessel’s passage as a “normal mission”, indicating that there was no cause for concern.

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The ship is the McCamble destroyer with guided missiles, which conducted a “routine crossing of the Taiwan Strait on March 25th (local time) in accordance with international law,” said Anthony Junko, spokesman for the US Seventh Fleet.

“The ship’s passage through the Taiwan Strait reflects the commitment of the United States to the freedom and openness of the Indian Pacific region,” he added. The U.S. Navy will continue to fly, sail and operate missions anywhere permitted by international law. ”

In recent weeks, the Chinese Air Force has carried out several missions near Taiwan, prompting the Taiwanese army to send fighters to intercept and warn Chinese aircraft.
Taiwan described the Chinese exercises as provocative and called on China to focus on fighting the outbreak of the Coronavirus instead of its threat.

Germany’s Strategic Gray Zone With China
Europe

Germany’s Strategic Gray Zone With China

Without the transatlantic relationship, former U.S. secretary of state Henry Kissinger once said, Europe would be at the mercy of China, a mere “appendage” of Eurasia. This bleak notion is weighing heavily on the minds of German officials as they contemplate their country’s place in a world of escalating U.S.-China competition.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel referred to Kissinger’s observation in a January 2020 speech, telling an audience in Berlin that it had prompted her to take a “fresh look at the map.” “As Europeans,” she said, “we need to think very hard about how we position ourselves.”

Germany is in the midst of a wrenching reassessment of its relationship with China, a challenge made infinitely more difficult by its increasingly strained ties with the United States. Berlin shares many of Washington’s concerns about Beijing from the lack of reciprocity in its economic relationships with trading partners and the spread of debt and political influence through the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) to its growing use of surveillance technology and detention of over 1 million Muslims in Xinjiang.

But after spearheading a pushback against the policies of Chinese President Xi Jinping, a campaign that culminated last spring when the EU declared China a “systemic rival,” Europe’s largest member state is wavering, keenly aware of its own vulnerabilities and wary, despite its concerns about China’s political and economic development, of following Washington down a path toward full-blown confrontation with Beijing.

Germany’s challenge in 2020 is to define a third space for itself and for Europe in the face of this growing U.S.-China discord. But the Merkel government’s reluctance to antagonize Beijing risks undermining the EU’s push for a common policy toward China and perpetuating a situation where member states look out for their own interests, often to the detriment of a common European front. A desire to minimize the economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic across Europe is likely to reinforce the temptation to keep Beijing close.

For decades, Berlin’s strategy toward Beijing was defined by the phrase “Wandel durch Handel,” or change through trade. Like other Western democracies, including the United States, Germany convinced itself that China’s authoritarian politics would morph into a free, open, and more democratic system through ever-tightening economic ties. This allowed German companies to double down on the vast Chinese market, investing billions of euros in new factories. A rapidly modernizing China, meanwhile, could not get enough of Germany’s machine tools and manufacturing know-how.

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In 2001, when China became a member of the World Trade Organization, Merkel’s predecessor Gerhard Schröder was one of Beijing’s most enthusiastic supporters. Because German firms were making unprecedented profits in China, their executives discouraged German policymakers from complaining about the myriad problems tied to doing business there, such as forced technology transfers, intellectual property theft, and protectionist barriers to investment.

During the global financial crisis and the eurozone unrest that followed, Germany’s close links with China’s growing economy helped it weather the storm. Top aides to the chancellor, when asked about her views on China, stress that she has not forgotten the supportive role China played during this time of existential turmoil for Europe.1 In private, she has expressed admiration for the Chinese Communist Party’s success in lifting millions out of poverty.

When Xi came to power in 2012, Europe’s leaders were still very much preoccupied with their own troubles. China’s controversial 16+1 forum with Central and Eastern European countries (launched the same year), the BRI (unveiled in 2013), and the Made in China 2025 strategy—a blueprint for Chinese domination of ten key emerging technologies announced in 2015—did not cause a big stir in Berlin when they were first unveiled.

In 2016, however, Germany experienced what senior officials now acknowledge was a wake-up moment. The trigger was not Xi’s growing crackdown on political dissidents at home, but rather a $5 billion offer, announced in May of that year, by China’s Midea Group for Kuka, a German robotics manufacturer. The bid for a company some saw as a crown jewel of German industry caught the government off guard.

With no obvious legal options to block the takeover, it scrambled to find another suitor. But no German or European company was prepared to top Midea’s hefty offer, and Kuka fell into Chinese hands. Months after the Kuka surprise, the Obama administration forced Germany to withdraw its approval for a Chinese takeover of Aixtron. The German chip maker’s technology, it turned out, was being used to upgrade U.S. and foreign-owned Patriot missile defense systems.

That Berlin gave the Aixtron takeover a green light exposed the inadequacies of its own defenses, and a sense of panic began to set in. As the Kuka and Aixtron cases suggest, Germany’s concerns about China were driven by economic, rather than political, considerations. Chinese companies had moved up the value chain much faster than expected, developing into major competitors to German industry leaders.

At the same time, business conditions in China were becoming more difficult as Xi pushed for greater state control over the economy. German businesses, rather than discouraging politicians in Berlin from pushing back, as they had once done, began demanding action against Beijing.

China’s buying spree in Europe, part of the drive to deliver on Xi’s grand industrial policy plan, was what finally spurred German politicians to act. It also forced them to confront other concerns about China that went beyond the economic sphere.

US overtakes China with over 82,000 coronavirus cases
Americas

US overtakes China with over 82,000 coronavirus cases

United States has now surpassed China in the number of COVID-19 cases around the world, with at least 82,404 people are known to have been infected with the deadly coronavirus, the Johns Hopkins University real-time COVID-19 tracker said on Thursday.
It is, however, important to note that the US has been testing people at a much larger scale, when compared with other countries that have been affected by the coronavirus pandemic.

“We now have 370,000 tests that have been done. The majority of those — over 220,000 in the last eight days, which, those of you who have been tracking the South Korea numbers, put us equivalent to what they did in eight weeks that we did in eight days,” Dr Deborah Birx, the White House’s coronavirus response coordinator, told reporters.

Although the US has surpassed China’s 81,782 mark, the COVID-19-related death toll in the country is still lower than China, with 1,178 Americans having died as opposed to the 3,291 Chinese fatalities.

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At least 160 million Americans have been ordered to stay home as schools are closed, restaurants and bars have been closed in hope of the curtail spread of the lethal virus, The New York Times reported.

New York City is among the worst-hit cities as the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in the city has reached 38,000 and 281 have died.

On Wednesday, US Senate leaders and Trump Administration had reached an agreement regarding a USD 2 trillion package to rescue the economy from the coronavirus wrath, paving the way for swift passage of the legislation from both the chambers of Congress.

Meanwhile, the number of coronavirus-related deaths worldwide exceeded 20,000, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

The G-20 summit which concluded on Thursday pledged to inject over USD 5 trillion into the global economy in a bid to counteract the social, economic, and financial impact of COVID 19 that has impacted people in at least 170 countries and caused over 20,000 deaths.

As of Thursday, 4,62,684 confirmed cases of coronavirus infection were registered in the world, 20,834 of the patients died, WHO data shows.

On March 11, the WHO declared the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic which has now has been detected in 199 countries and territories.

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