Tag: Turkey

COVID-19 is changing the global food geopolitics
Geopolitics

COVID-19 is changing the global food geopolitics

Global food geopolitics: Geopolitics is not restricted to states, but a complex web of state and non-state actors are involved in food security governance. Food security has historically been recognized as the remit of development practitioners, who in turn have tended to focus on the technical and micro-foundations of global hunger. However, broader international attention to the issue began to emerge after the global food crises of 2007–2008 and 2011–12. During the COVID-19 pandemic, there is the risk of a global food crisis, even with abundant crops in the fields and large reserves of food available. During the health emergency for the new coronavirus, thousands of animals culled due to the collapse in sales. Thousands of people lined up at the assistance centers to have at least one meal a day. 

With the COVID-19 pandemic, some countries’ accelerated isolationist and unilateral tendencies, with the governments of some countries putting greater importance on national-level risk management rather than global coordination. Indeed, the World Economic Forum’s Global Risks Report 2019 notes how heightened international tensions increase the risk of ‘geopolitically motivated food-supply disruptions. Geopolitical competition as among Russia and the US, or China and the US, in addition to affecting food security itself, also hinders efforts to improve dialogue and coordination, if not cooperation, among various actors on achieving the goal of eradicating hunger for all people.

The virus has changed food supply and demand, and in times of emergency, protectionist restrictions by the various countries, disruptions to transport and shipments have prevailed. Meanwhile, the prices of some foods have skyrocketed in Europe and the United States, as well as Asia. The climate and environmental change, underway for some time and potentially much more destructive, also looms over all this. The global fight for agricultural resources highlights the inherent asymmetries in natural resource provisions and limitations, which are closely associated with the food security of states and their populations. Following the global food crises, concerns about resource instability became prominent among countries with deficits of fertile land, water, and nutrients. The governments of middle- and high-income states, such as the oil-producing states of the Gulf and East Asian nations, have subsequently engaged in the strategic acquisition of investment in agricultural resources abroad.

A threat so strong that it has to call the entire company to new commitments, to the overall rethinking of development models, which have already proved insufficient and risky in the face of the coronavirus lockdown. COVID-19, the lockdowns of entire countries and continents, have slowed globalization and accelerated sovereign forces, including in the agricultural and food sectors, with devastating effects. Elements that have changed the geopolitical framework, which must find a completely new and more sustainable development model. A change that also concerns the Mediterranean. Where Russia, Turkey, and China are establishing themselves as new superpowers, with massive investments or military interventions in conflict areas such as Libya for the game on hydrocarbons.

Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict Might Bring Great Advantage To Turkey Over Russia
Geopolitics

Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict Might Bring Great Advantage To Turkey Over Russia

Armenia Azerbaijan Conflict: The war like conditions that have broken out between Armenia and Azerbaijan could just become another Syrian tragedy. The geopolitics surrounding both these countries is complicated for those who may be indirectly or directly involved in the upheaval. 

The previously Soviet republics have come to a temporary ceasefire over humanitarian concerns, but the conflict has not disappeared. Violent uprising after a disputed election led to loss of innocent lives. It became difficult for Moscow to intervene and control the breakout. Since 2015, Moscow had maintained outposts in these nation states. But the pandemic led economic slowdowns has forced Russia to prioritize its money spending for its dwindling economy, unless Putin wants to lose his power amongst the people. 

Indeed, Putin’s position is looking increasingly challenged according to many political analysts. Meanwhile, the war like conditions over three decades have seen the use of some dangerous warfare, attracting human rights organizations to raise their concerns. The most notably has been the use of cluster bombs that has led to loss of innocent lives and livelihoods. 

The two initially Soviet territories have remained confused over the ownership of the controversial Nagorno-Karabakh region. It remains to be a disputed territory; the bedrock of conflict for many emotional reasons, but could pull others into the picture at a later stage.  Turkey is already a part of the game. 

While Russia has been trying to supply military power to both Armenia and Azerbaijan, its larger strategy has been to continue to maintain control in this Caucasus region. But Turkey has shown more solidarity towards Azerbaijan that claims that Nagorno-Karabakh should be a part of its territory. 

While Russia and Turkey have been vying for influence here, Russia is not in a position to support a full-blown civil war. Even then, Kremlin has been instrumental in calling the truce. 

Like in the case of Libya, Yemen and Syria, internal strife could tempt external parties to take advantage. The reasons for control would remain the same- rich fossil fuels and other resources. 

Erdogan Power Game Is Not Entertaining For Europe Anymore
Europe

Erdogan Power Game Is Not Entertaining For Europe Anymore

Erdogan power game is It is not pleasing for his European counterparts. Recep Tayyip Erdogan has been obsessed with Islamic rhetoric for a while. His European counterparts, who are somewhere holding him responsible for indirectly fueling the minds of military jihadists who have off late been striking various parts of Europe. 

According to political analysts, Erdogan’s behavior has also antagonized his NATO partner nations. The military jihadists are conveniently using his stance of protection and favoritism of the Muslims to forward their agenda. 

His stupidity to favour one over the other puts Turkish immigrants’ lives at risks. Many of them are residing in parts of Europe. These include countries like Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and elsewhere in Europe. Most of these Turkish immigrants are increasingly being seen as potential weapons for Erdogan in his political battle against the West. Erdogan has already tried to do this elsewhere in Europe. He is known to have sent his own cabinet minister to Netherlands earlier in the year to hold a separate rally that could promote Turkish candidature. 

Recent incidents in France involving Islamic literature and misrepresentation of one or the other form has created tension between Turkey and France too. While Erdogan has been speaking in favour of Muslims living in France, President Emmanuel Macron has gone out and closed down various Islamic run organizations after many brutal attacks on French nationals were reported, in the name of disrespect to Islam. 

His response has been as radical, making things difficult for Turkey and France. But Erdogan continues to play a familiar game that did not do him too well in 2009. Again in 2020, he is trying to be the knight and shining armor for the modern Muslim world. He tried to make a statement earlier by storming out of a panel discussion at the World Economic Forum in Davos where he attacked Israel’s president, Shimon Peres, over the situation in Gaza. Then in 1999, during the height of the Arab Spring, he created quite an upheaval when Muslim Brotherhood-linked parties were winning elections in Tunisia and gaining influence in Egypt and Libya. Erdogan had then traveled to all three countries in an apparent victory lap, projecting himself as the leader of what briefly seemed like nascent Arab democracies dominated by Islamist parties.

He does it again but this time, it is not going to be a straight win for him. The European nations are getting more and more impatient as military attacks continue to rock various nations. On the receiving end will be poor Turkish civilians all over Europe.

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