Europe

The UK – Blue passport will be issued from next month to mark Brexit
Europe

The UK – Blue passport will be issued from next month to mark Brexit

The UK Government has declared, Blue passport will be given after three decades from next month to mark Britain’s exit from the EU.

They will supplant the standard-issue burgundy passport that were spread out across EU nations from 1988.

The home secretary, Priti Patel, greeted the passport switch back to blue. However, pro-European campaigners and government officials in Northern Ireland anticipated the new passports would bring about Britons entering the moderate path at air terminals and ports all through the EU.

As per the Guardian, the Home Office says the blue passports will be “the greenest British passport ever.” A representative stated: “The carbon impression produced through manufacture will be decreased to net zero, through new ventures, for example, planting trees.”

It is additionally bettering the passport as the most innovatively advanced. The representative stated there was “a heap of new and refreshed security highlights, including a hard-wearing, super-quality polycarbonate information page, which contains inventive advancements inserted into the document, to keep individual information secure.”

The new-look passport will have the most advanced and most protected printing and design techniques, the representative stated, which would offer better assurance against fraud and identity theft.

Patel stated: “Leaving the European Union gave us a one of a kind chance to reestablish our national identity and offer a new way on the planet. By coming back to the striking blue and gold design, the British passport will once again be weaved with our national identity with our national personality, and I can’t wait to fly on one.”

Edward McMillan-Scott, the British politician, stated the blue passport would be viewed as an offensive to many Europeans.

“It will be viewed as a symbol of the stance prevailing in the Conservative party towards the remainder of Europe that is unintelligent, isolationist, and self-destructive,” McMillan-Scott added, the Guardian reported.

Article Credit: The Guardian

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UK PM Boris Johnson says anticipating meeting Trump in the G7 summit in June
Americas, Europe

UK PM Boris Johnson says anticipating meeting Trump in the G7 summit in June

Boris Johnson’s office announced after reports that an expected meeting between US-UK in early 2020 is delayed. British PM Boris Johnson is anticipating meeting U.S. President Donald Trump is likely in June.

“The pioneers highlighted their commitment to the UK-U.S. bilateral relationship and anticipated seeing each other at the G7 Summit in the United States this June.”

Relations among Washington and London have been strained by Britain’s decision to permit the Chinese telecoms giant Huawei [HWT.UL] a restricted role in its mobile network, proposed the Iran atomic agreement and British digital services tax.

The Trump administration has spent last year irately lobbying it allies to bar Huawei from their 5G framework, as it claims the Chinese tech organization works as a proxy for the Chinese government to spy. Huawei has more than once declined this, and claims the US’ quest for the company is politically roused.

Johnson had been anticipated to visit Washington early this year. However, the visit got delayed till June when a summit of pioneers of the G7 is due to take place in the United States, The Sun newspaper announced.

“President Trump and the Prime Minister talked over telephone tonight and discussed a variety of international and bilateral issues,” Downing Street said in an announcement on Thursday.

Article Credit: The Guardian

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German far-right party AfD blamed over racist violence after the Hanau shooting
Europe

German far-right party AfD blamed over racist violence after the Hanau shooting

On Thursday, Nine people were killed in the western German city in 2 sheesha bar by Tobias Rathjen. The people were from supposedly from an immigrant background. The shooter was evidently hater of minorities and after returned home and killed his mom and afterward himself—a 43-year-old who had posted a racist video and statement on the web before completing the killings.

According to the Guardian, Horst Seehofer, the Interior Minister, reported he would be expanding police security at mosques and different areas considered unsafe for assault by right-wing extremists.

On Thursday night, across 50 cities in Germany, a large number of people collected to grieve the casualties of the assault and did candlelit vigils and stood against the stance of the far right.

On Friday, the dad of the only female victim discussed his wariness at the loss of his girl, who was five months pregnant.

Mercedes Kierpacz was 34 years old; she worked at a kiosk next to the Arena Bar. She was shot dead as she entered the bar to place an order, her dad, Filip Goman, narrated to the German paper Bild.

He added that “Rathjen gunned her down, just like that.” “Mentally, ethically, I am dead. I can’t grasp the preposterousness of the wrongdoing. How can you understand what was happening in his mind? To kill nine individuals for unknown reasons and afterward to return home and murder his mom? How can you define that?”

Rathjen had acquired two firearms legally, the two of which were purchased online. He used the Glock pistol to complete the assault, which the German media reported after investigations.

The AfD was established as an anti-euro party. However, it grew to prominence on the back of the refugee crisis in 2015, during which up to 1 million refugees arrived in Germany. It won 12.6% of the vote at the last political elections.

It has often asked for the forced deportation of immigrants and criticized refugees for making life in Germany unsafe. It has urged a reconsider over Germany’s recognition culture of its Nazi past.

The AfD reacted indignantly to the demands for it to perceive any responsibility regarding the Hanau assaults, calling the allegations a “frail, and sickening instrumentalization of this crime” in a statement, the Guardian published.

Other politicians also criticized the AfD. “There is an immediate connection between the increasing strength of the AfD and the expansion in right-wing violence,” stated the Interior Minister for the State of Lower Saxony, Boris Pistorius. “A deadly disinhibition has been gotten underway, and the AfD is complicit right now,” the Guardian reported.

In Germany, if governments establish that an organization has what is esteemed “radical goals,” at that point, it very well may be observed strictly utilizing a variety of surveillance techniques.
Peter Frank, The chief federal prosecutor, said on Thursday that Rathjen had exhibited a “profoundly racist attitude” in his online posts.

Investigators are currently examining whether he acted upon his own or had gained support from different people or groups, The Guardian reported.

Article Credit: The Guardian

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Turkey seeks U.S. Patriot Missiles to secure troops in Syria
Europe

Turkey seeks U.S. Patriot Missiles to secure troops in Syria

On Thursday, Turkey expressed it doesn’t want any trouble with Moscow over Syria’s offensive near borders, yet guaranteed it might accept U.S. Patriot missiles to secure Turkish forces.

Pressure has mounted in recent few months amid Turkey, which backs a portion of the rebels and Syrian ally Moscow over President Bashar Al Assad’s assault in north-west Idlib.

In the month of February, 14 Turks were killed in two different episodes of regime shelling in Idlib, the rebels’ last grip in Syria, The National published.

Turkey’s Defense Minister Hulusi Akar spoke to CNN Turk, “We have no desire for an altercation with Russia.” Talks would proceed with Russian authorities. One of the matters addressed is of airspace above Idlib, and Turkey expects Russia doesn’t get affected, Akar included.

As per The National, there has been no solid understanding among Turkey and Russia after two rounds of discussions between their delegations in Moscow and Ankara this month.

Ankara demands that it needs to maintain a strategic distance from a humanitarian fiasco yet additionally needs to deflect a surge of refugees into Turkey, which is now home to 3.6 million Syrians.

Turkey has 12 observation stations in the Idlib region, set up following an agreement marked with Russia in the Black Sea resort of Sochi in 2018 to forestall a regime assault.

The Syrian regime attacks have left several hundred dead in Idlib and constrained 900,000 individuals to escape their homes since December.

Akar stated, “There could be ‘Patriot’ support as there is the danger of airstrikes and missiles against our nation.”

He was pointing towards the US-made missile named Patriot, which is capable of destroying airplanes and different rockets. Akar later renounced any U.S. troop support, the National reported.

Article Credit: The National

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EU starts discussion of first budget after Brexit with cuts
Europe

EU starts discussion of first budget after Brexit with cuts

The heads of state and government of the EU countries will try on Thursday to reach an agreement on a multi-year community budget plan for 2021-2027. An emergency summit was convened at the end of January by the President of the European Council, Charles Michel, due to the fact that the European institutions failed the negotiations on the budget due to serious disagreements. The main problem is that it is necessary to close the budget hole of € 11 billion per year, which is formed after the UK leaves the European Union.

At the Brussels summit, the interests of donor states that pay more to the budget than they receive from it (all of Western Europe), recipients (Eastern Europe) and European institutions – the European Parliament and the European Commission (EC) will meet. Donors do not want to increase their contributions after Brexit, but this will mean cutting back on all targeted European programs, which the EU beneficiary countries oppose. In turn, the European Parliament wants to increase or at least maintain funding for key European programs, because their reduction means for Brussels the loss of the prestige of the community.

In addition, the draft seven-year budget submitted to the summit for the first time contains a proposal to deprive those countries that violate community legal norms of eurofinancing. If this rule were in effect now, Poland could remain without Euro subsidies, in relation to which the European Commission is conducting an investigation for violating the principles of the rule of law in judicial reform.
The UK, which was Germany’s second largest European budget donor after Germany, left the EU on January 31, leaving a multi-billion dollar hole. According to European diplomats, Brussels will miss about € 11 billion annually, which London contributed to the general budget. This means that in the new seven-year budget plan, almost € 80 billion is lacking. Therefore, Brussels needs to decide which programs should be donated.

Until the end of 2020, the UK, which formally left the EU, will still pay a contribution to the EU budget, since until this point the transition period after Brexit will continue. The termination of contributions will occur just in the new seven-year EU budget cycle.
Michel suggested that the community countries compensate for this gap, in particular, with a new tax on plastics and revenues from trading carbon credits. He made such an offer just a few days ago, but the President of the European Parliament, David Sassoli, has already stated that it is unsatisfactory.

As the EU representative told reporters before the meeting, funding for the EU’s main programs will be frozen from next year, if the heads of state and government of the community cannot reach an agreement on the budget in the coming days.
Even if an agreement is reached at the summit, the draft budget should be approved by the European Parliament. According to the representative of the EU, coordination will be difficult, “it will take time.”

One of the main innovations of the budget plan may be that the EU countries will not be able to receive subsidies from the general budget if they do not comply with community standards, in particular the rule of law, a European source said. According to him, the draft outcome document states that “a general regime will be introduced on the conditions for providing access to financing to combat the deficiencies in the state administration of member countries with regard to compliance with the rule of law.”

According to diplomats, the European Commission will identify such violations, after which its recommendation regarding funding restrictions should be supported by most states in the EU Council.

This innovation, if it is approved by the countries of the community, is revolutionary in nature – never before has the allocation of funding from the EU budget after its approval been determined by any additional factors. At the same time, observers believe that this norm is unlikely to be included in the document, since most states that receive Euro subsidies almost all of Eastern Europe, will oppose it. They fear that this mechanism will give Brussels and “old Europe” too much leverage to put pressure on the new EU countries.

EU institutions have tried to reach an agreement based on proposals submitted by Finland, the EU presidency. The amount of funding for the community budget for the next seven years, according to the proposal of Helsinki, should be € 1.087 trillion. This is 1.07% of the total GDP of the EU countries. At the same time, one of the main payers to the EU budget – Germany – proposed setting the budget at 1% of GDP.

Michel later updated the Finnish proposal without major changes, in connection with which the European Parliament said that it would not approve it. The European Parliament has traditionally been looking for ways to maintain and expand European programs, regardless of the fact that revenues to the EU budget will decrease after Brexit.

The EU budget is drawn up for a seven-year period, which is determined by the need for predictable funding for multi-year European programs and projects. The budget is formed from direct contributions of member countries, therefore, its approval and approval by all states imposes financial obligations on them. This protects the EU budget from a sudden reduction in payments from one state or another, for example, as a result of a change of government.

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EU cautions the UK, ‘Canada style trade deal is a different ball game’
Europe

EU cautions the UK, ‘Canada style trade deal is a different ball game’

A senior counsel to Brussels’ chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, stated that the coalition’s relationship with the North American nation was a “different ball game.”

As both sides get ready for the beginning of negotiations one month from now, Stefaan De Rynck emphasized the UK’s nearness to Brussels contrasted with Canada as an essential factor, and additionally warning that the trade dialogue could get “very difficult.”

The key aide additionally rehashed what has now become an EU moto that a tariff-free, quota-free deal is beyond imagination without the UK acting on a “level playing field” on state grants, ecological security, and laborers’ rights.

According to The Guardian, the UK and EU have time till the end of this year, when the Brexit transition time ends, to reach a trade accord.

However, both sides are at loggerheads even before the talks have begun about whether the UK should consent to an “even playing field” with EU rules.

It has additionally been proposed that the European Court of Justice could continue having an impact over the UK under the terms of a trade agreement.

Boris Johnson has contended there is no requirement for the UK to accept EU rules as the cost of a free trade deal, as he prepares for a Canada-style agreement.

However, on Wednesday, while speaking at the London School of Economics, De Rynck said the UK wouldn’t have the option to strike a similar deal with the bloc as the EU-Canada deal.

De Rynck’s remarks came in the wake of Downing Street suggested Barnier is presently reneging on a past idea of a Canada-style agreement

The Number 10 press office tweeted: “In 2017 the EU seemed on their slide that a Canada type FTA was the primary accessible relationship for the UK.

Article Credit: The Guardian/The Sky

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Brussels Conference 2020: Experts and government officials caution against Erdogan’s expansionist strategies
Europe

Brussels Conference 2020: Experts and government officials caution against Erdogan’s expansionist strategies

On Tuesday, The European Parliament held a European conference facilitated in Brussels. The Conference entitled “Turkish intervention in the Mediterranean” and its objectives, causes, and threats. 

Many politicians, political experts, and deputies were representing different political trends from five European nations, such as the Dr. Costas Mavrides, MEP for Cyprus and Chairman of the Political Committee for the Mediterranean in the Parliament; H. E. Yasar Yakis, the former Turkish Foreign Minister; Professor Niyazi Kizilyurk, MEP from Cyprus; Jean Valere Baldacchino, President of The Geopolitical Research and Analysis Circle in Paris, and Dr. Magnus Norell, Adjunct Scholar at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

The meeting concentrated on two principle parts: Turkish intervention in the eastern Mediterranean, explicitly the issue of gas research off the shoreline of Cyprus, and the Turkish direct military mediation in Libya. Various members censured the marking of the Libyan administration of compromise led by Fayez al-Sarraj with the Turkish regime, saying that these understandings undermine stability in the Mediterranean. 

At the opening of the Conference, former Turkish Foreign Minister Yasar Yakis made a comprehensive historical introduction. In which he highlighted the reasons that incited Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to consent to the arrangement with the Libyan government. 

The maritime borders in the Mediterranean and the length of oceanic borders that add up to 1700 km with Greece and the remainder of the Mediterranean nations is one of the few reasons.

Yakis reflected that Turkey has demanded to partition the sea borders and freedom to access its riches, and this is the objective through which Erdogan tries to get a legitimate right in regards to maritime edges. Along these lines, a unilateral deal was marked with Libya to demarcate the oceanic borders without counseling with the remainder of the Mediterranean nations. 

“It urges us to ask questions about the risks assailing Turkey through its concentration in Libya,” he said.

He included, “Erdogan’s approaches may transform Libya into another Syria.” He expressed this mainly as a result of its oil riches, particularly since Turkey right now not have any apparent policy to escape this emergency. 

He included that Erdogan additionally consented to a military collaboration deal with the legislature of Tripoli. However, the significant issue with this administration is that it’s dominated by the Muslim Brotherhood and state armies connected to terror-based groups.

He additionally cautioned that the vague Erdogan’s Turkish foreign policy might place Ankara in grave peril because of this extension towards Libya. 

Niyazi Kizilyurk, MEP for Cyprus, placed the Turkish intervention in Libya in the class of the contest for energy sources and thought about that Erdogan was causing Turkey’s separation through its expansionist approaches. 

Kizilyurk stated that Cyprus has the freedom to invest its energy assets inside its sea borders, yet Turkey won’t acknowledge this right and power. 

He inquired as to why Erdogan wouldn’t consult with the nations of the region to arrive at an understanding that fulfills all parties and permits the dissemination of wealth of energy, which falls within the international laws. 

Costas Mavrides, MEP for Cyprus and chair of the Political Committee for the Mediterranean in European Parliament, stressed that the policy that Erdogan had been actualizing thoughtfully in the Islamic world for quite a while is placing him in face to face showdown with the remainder of the nations of the district. Consequently, this expansionist policy was the center of the issue through these hostile strategies that don’t acknowledge international laws. 

Mavrides thinks that this model is essential for Erdogan, as the Turkish parliament bolsters him and votes in favor of him with laws intended for securing people with Ottoman roots in the area as occurred with Muslims in Cyprus. 

He concluded that Erdogan’s policies undermined the security of the Mediterranean, stressing that there was no part to play for Turkey in Libya. Furthermore, the agreement that Erdogan marked with Libya doesn’t fit in with the laws of the United Nations or European laws since Turkey doesn’t recognize Cyprus, which is a part of the United Nations and a member of the EU. 

Magnus Norell, a scholar at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, talked about the Turkish foreign policy of the Erdogan government. In which he noticed that the Turkish intervention in Libya encapsulates the post-zero policy issue, a situation that is brimming with questions, which he depicted as an expansionist approach that undermines security and balance. 

Norell expressed in the meeting that these expansionist choices are turning into pressure for Turkey and have built difficulties for Erdogan with nations in the region, for example, Egypt and Iran. 

He likewise emphasized the requirement for Europe to intercede to block arms exports to Libya, notably weapons from Turkey, since it disrupts security and dependability in the area and represents a risk to the Mediterranean nations. 

Jean Valere Baldacchino, President of The Geopolitical Research and Analysis Circle in Paris, likewise talked about Turkey’s expansionist strategy in Libya. Also, he concentrated on the degree of its peril to the war France is pursuing against terror based groups in Africa and Mali specifically. He stated that Turkey had aspirations for energy sources in the Mediterranean territory, expansionist offensive strategy, and justifying its interference in neighboring nations. Baldacchino also stressed and regretted that Europe didn’t manage the Erdogan government firmly and stringently. 

All the members in the Brusselsconference expressed their concern over the Turkish intrusion in the Mediterranean, which would have territorial and global consequences, and also on metaphorically transforming Libya into another Syria in a brief period.

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United Kingdom to bar the entry of unskilled workers and non-English speakers
Europe

United Kingdom to bar the entry of unskilled workers and non-English speakers

Introducing its Australian-style point’s document on Wednesday, the UK administration stated that they will handle and take the opportunity to grab “full control” of British borders “for the first time in 10 years” and wipe out the “distortion” brought about by the EU freedom of movement.

England is to shut its borders to those who can’t speak English and to unskilled workers as a significant aspect of a critical update of migration laws that will end the period of cheap EU workers in inns, factories, warehouses, and cafés.

However, industry pioneers promptly blamed the legislature for an attack on the economy warning of “awful” outcomes like closure to factories, cafes, and increased unemployment.

A 10-page document outlining the new migration strategy states:

• UK borders will be shut for migrants who cannot communicate in English and unskilled workers.

• Anyone desiring to work in the UK must have an employment letter with a pay limit of £25,600 – however, a pay “floor” of £20,480 will be adequate in exceptional situations where there may have a shortage of skills, for example, in nursing.

• There will be no way for self-employed individuals coming into the UK, spelling the conclusion to, for instance, Polish handymen or Romanian builder arriving without work.

• Border control will no longer acknowledge ID cards from nations, for example, Italy and France. This, it is known, is an endeavor to cinch down on non-EU laborers beating the system with forged or borrowed ID cards.

• The aptitudes threshold for foreign nationals needing to work in the UK will be lowered from degree down to A-levels or equivalent to A level. The cap on the skilled workers is being rejected, and few profoundly highly skilled workers will be permitted to enter without a job.

• The privilege of performers, artists, sportspeople, and musicians coming for performances, contests, and auditions will be maintained.

The UK administration plans to launch a complete campaign to equip employers for the transformation in January next year as the EU citizens will be dealt with similarly as other nationals.

Yet, the new system drew immediate analysis from employers, especially over the expansion of waitresses and waiters and elementary agribusiness and fishery laborers to the rundown of low-skilled workers.

Industry pioneers cautioned the progressions would hugely affect food preparing manufacturing factories that depend intensely on EU laborers to keep the general store shelves brimming with pre-packed non-veg.

Chief of policy at the Recruitment and Employment Confederation, Tom Hadley, stated: “Occupations the administration considers ‘low-skilled’ are crucial to wellbeing and business development. The announcement threatens to shut out the people whose services we need to cater to the general public.

“We need access to laborers that can enable us to take care of the old, help building homes, and keep the economy solid,” he added.

Article Credit: The Guardian

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David Frost: democratic consent would snap if UK acceded to EU rules
Europe, Geopolitics

David Frost: democratic consent would snap if UK acceded to EU rules

Boris Johnson’s chief Brexit negotiator David Frost set out his red lines in public discourse in front of formal discussions with Brussels on a trade deal due to commence one month from now.

He stated the democratic assent of the British public would “snap drastically and eventually” if the UK kept attached to EU rules.

In a notable opening to Brussels, Frost acknowledged that the mediators would need to expand on the models contained in other EU free trade agreements. However, he demanded that the capacity to break free from the EU’s rulebook was necessary to the idea behind Brexit and that the UK’s position would be tabled in “written letter” one week from now. “We are not searching for anything unique,” he included

He likewise said that the UK would not partake in any EU events or agencies that put the nation under the authority of the EU court.

The EU’s negotiating instructions are expected to be settled on 25 February. A draft record published this month demonstrated that Brussels would explore at least “non-regression” from current ecological, social, and laborers’ models once the UK has left the single market and customs association on 31 December 2020.

The bloc is expected to request a “dynamic alliance” by the UK on the EU’s state competition and funding rules. The UK would set up an independent body supervising the standards, yet it would operate in cooperation with the European Commission.

Johnson stated in an ongoing discourse in Greenwich that he would prefer to acknowledge overwhelming duties on merchandise being exchanged than join to anything so cumbersome.

Frost stated in Brussels: “Guidelines and administrative choices are so crucial to how the number of residents in a region feels bound into the authenticity of its legislature that this structure would be essentially unsustainable: eventually, vote based assent would snap – drastically and ultimately.”

Frost included: “It isn’t merely a simple negotiating position which may run under tension; it is the purpose of the entire project. That is likewise why we won’t extend the transition beyond the end of 2020. By then, we recuperate our political and financial autonomy in full. For what reason would we want to delay it?

“The reason why we expect open and reasonable challenge arrangements dependent on a free trade deal. The point of reference isn’t that we need a moderate result on competition rules. It is that the basis of an FTA and the examples of the text contained in genuine concurred FTAs are the most suitable ones for the relationship of sovereign people in profoundly delicate zones identifying with how their jurisdiction is administered and how their populaces offer to agree to that administration.

Article Credit: The Guardian

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Labour’s Brexit: McDonnell and Starmer show a different sharp stance
Europe

Labour’s Brexit: McDonnell and Starmer show a different sharp stance

A sharp split has developed between the two principal architects of Labour’s Brexit policy, as Keir Starmer and John McDonnell conveyed a sharply different stance on how their strategy influenced the party’s performance in December’s general elections.

The shadow Brexit secretary, Starmer, stated in a separate interview that their policy was correct, and it was not the only reason the party faced its most exceedingly terrible election loss since 1935.

The shadow chancellor, McDonnell, who is said to have persuaded Jeremy Corbyn to uphold a second referendum, stated in an interview that the party had been gripped in a vice attempting to please voters and members. The Tories had an underlying message that was “unchallengeable,” he recommended.

McDonnell’s mediation is the first occasion when he has given such a frank evaluation of the policy he helped devise and how it might have at last hit Labour at the polling booth. He added the party should now leave the issue for a generation and acknowledge that Brexit was going on.

He included, “The truth currently is Brexit will occur. Would we be able to get a Brexit that, in any event, ensures occupations and the economy? Also, would we be able to build up another relationship with Europe?” The Guardian reported.

McDonnell will sit at the backbenches while a new Labour head is elected. One of his first duty will be to set up relationships with socialist parties in the EU. Andsee how they concede to a policy program for the fate of left in Europe without Britain in the EU.

On Sunday, Starmer confidently supported the policy he helped negotiate and stated that he would have proceeded further and accelerated the initiative to tell members which side they should campaign. He added going into polls saying Labour would attempt to get another deal was the right exercise because Boris Johnson’s plan “would be damaging for our nation.”

Other members from the shadow cabinet have stated since the polls defeat that they more than once cautioned the party not to back another referendum on Brexit and to incline more toward their leave-backing voters.

Article Credit: The Guardian

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