Tag: nuclear deal

US Secretary of State planning to announce new Iran-Al Qaeda ties
Middle East & Africa

US Secretary of State planning to announce new Iran-Al Qaeda ties

Iran-Al Qaeda ties: The US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is planning to publicly blame Iran for its ties with Al-Qaeda in Tuesday’s speech, as per The Reuters.

Pompeo plans to utilize the declassified US intelligence in the statement, The Reuters reported, referring to “two people acquainted with the issue.” He is expected to reveal details on Iran purportedly shielding Al-Qaeda leaders and supporting the terror organization, the report stated. 

During the National Press Club meeting in Washington on Tuesday, Mike Pompeo is expected to make some allegations in his speech. Pompeo has blamed Iran for its ties with the Al-Qaeda before, however, without providing any proof. 

There are a few doubts about openly examining the data among legislators and the intelligence community, the report added. 

The announcement might probably complicate the situation of President-elect Joe Biden’s objective of reconnecting with Tehran over the nuclear deal. 

The White House has attempted a year-long campaign against Iran by withdrawing from the 2015 atomic deal, imposing heavy sanctions, and assassinating the Iranian General Qassem Soleimani. 

Pompeo’s speech could include information on the killing of Al-Qaeda’s second in command in Tehran in Aug 2020, stated by Israel. 

The New York Times revealed in Nov 2020 that an Israeli agent completed the attack on Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah in the direction of the US. Abdullah was charged for being one of the main conspirators of decimating assaults on two US consulates in Africa in 1998 and a 2002 assault on an Israeli-owned inn in Kenya.

Iran has completely denied the allegations and accused Israel of killing its top atomic researcher, Mohsen Fakhrizadeh.

It’s vague why Iran would shelter al-Qaeda members. Iran is a Shiite state and has battled with Al-Qaeda, a Sunni jihadist group. Experts revealed to The New York Times that Iran may have sheltered members of Al-Qaeda to forestall assaults in Iran or to permit them to lead operations against America. 

Joe Biden has stated that if Iran recognizes the terms and conditions of the nuclear deal, then we would think of rejoining the nuclear deal. However, Iran has welcomed America’s stand, but only after they remove the imposed economic sanctions.

Iran rejects Biden’s bid to comply with pre-conditioned nuclear deal, demands lifting sanctions first
Middle East & Africa

Iran rejects Biden’s bid to comply with pre-conditioned nuclear deal, demands lifting sanctions first

Iran rejects Biden’s bid: Iran has rejected incoming Biden administration’s pre-conditioned nuclear deal and has said of complete compliance with the deal only after United States lifts all the sanctions imposed on it. Iran’s foreign minister also said that first step towards consensual talks is US to rejoin the 2015 nuclear deal. 

Javed Zarif, Iran foreign minister, has laid out new parameters to embark on new relationship with Washington. He said that before US rejoins the 2015 nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) and lifts the sanctions imposed on it by Trump administration, Tehran would need some kind of guarantee that it would leave the deal again like predecessor Donald Trump. Zarif also hinted at no clause of renegotiating the existing deal. It is to be noted that many clauses of the deal are set to expire in 2025. 

While speaking at the Roma Med 2020 Conference via video link, Zarif said, “The us must implement without preconditions its obligations under the JCPoA. It has to show its good faith, it has to establish its bona fides, then Iran will go back in full compliance with JCPoA.”

On Tuesday, the Iranian Parliament passed a controversial resolution that would require Iran to step up its Uranium enrichment procedures and also end the UN inspection programme by February next year if US fails to lift the sanctions imposed on Tehran. Zarif expressed the dislikes of government on this resolution but also said of government’s obligation to abide by all the passed legislatures who are converted to laws. He said that the passed resolution is “not irreversible” and would only dwindle if US lifts sanctions, thus allowing Iran to completely comply with the deal. 

The major roadblock in the whole arrangement is that Iran does not want to “re-negotiate” the duration and clause of the JCPoA which had already been negotiated to restricts of 10 years plus a few more. Zarif said in relation to missiles and talks on regional issues, the topics on which US wants to engage, talks will be held between Iran and its neighbours, but this would require US to withdraw its support from Saudi Arabia. 

In May 2018, President Donald Trump had exited from the 2015 nuclear deal, which was a result of negotiations with former president Barack Obama. After this his administration imposed sweeping sanctions on Iran targeting to cripple its oil and economic sectors. Since then Tehran has daringly exceeded the set limits of nuclear activities as per the deal. This has raised suspicions in the international communities of Iran going back to its old agenda of developing a nuclear bomb. The Iranian government however, argues that the purposes of increased uranium enrichment activities are for peaceful nuclear ambitions.  

Iran admits breach of 2015 nuclear deal post IAEA inspection
Middle East & Africa

Iran admits breach of 2015 nuclear deal post IAEA inspection

Iran admits breach of 2015 nuclear deal: The recent UN nuclear weapons inspectorate found out that Iran had recently fired up its uranium enrichment centrifuges which are very advanced version, and installed underground in Natanz underground nuclear plant. The finding was confirmed and admitted by Iranian ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA), the UN nuclear weapons inspectorate. 

According to the 2015 nuclear deal which was struck under former US President Barack Obama, the Islamic Republic of Iran is only allowed to use first generation IR-1 machines for accumulating enriched uranium in its underground plants. But the nation has been repeatedly breaching the deal, and as per the latest findings by IAEA, Tehran has been supplying Uranium Hexaflouride (UF6) to the advanced IR-2m machines. 

IAEA’s previous report had said of Iran installing the IR-2m machines in its underground plants. This report was made on November 2, before Joe Biden was elected the next President of United States but the latest report, dated Tuesday, has been post Biden’s victory. The latest report by IAEA states, “On 14 November 2020, the Agency verified that Iran began feeding UF6 into the recently installed cascade of 174 IR-2m centrifuges at the Fuel Enrichment Plant (FEP) in Natanz.” 

Last week President Donald Trump has been reported to contemplating, but later rejecting a military strike on Natanz, the Iranian city lying south of capital Tehran, and the Islamic Republic’s main uranium enrichment site. But latest provocative moves by Iran can potentially change his and Israel’s risk calculation and modus operandi. It is to be noted that the development comes before President-elect Joe Biden officially enters the White House, who is committed to re-enter the nuclear deal that Trump had exited from. 

Iran has been consistently breaching the nuclear deal and the agreements made. Keeping that in mind, the US decision to exit from deal, Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) seems a logical and natural step. Trump’s administration has in this line of action imposed various sanctions on Iran and also threatened of actions against European nations which engage with Iran for trade. 

Iran currently possesses over 1000 IR-2m machines, of which it is only using 174. Under the nuclear deal, Iran is allowed to use 6000 IR-1 machines. Tehran could have a good argument point over use of the machines if it uses low number of IR-2ms, as trying to restore what it had above ground before it exploded in Natanz facility on July 2.  

IAEA said last week that Tehran’s explanations were unsatisfactory regarding the nuclear program related particles were found at sites where there was no business of it to be present. 

Iranian Foreign Minister, Javad Zarif, said on Tuesday that Iran will clarify its position with Biden administration. He said, “If the US implements its commitments under the UN security council resolution 2231, we will implement our commitments under the JCPoA. This can be done automatically and needs no negotiations. But if the US wants to rejoin the JCPoA then we will be ready to negotiate how the US can re-enter the deal.”

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