Tag: oil

Why US Shale Revolution Is Not Good News For Middle Eastern Players

Why US Shale Revolution Is Not Good News For Middle Eastern Players

US Shale Revolution: The United States went into a shale revolution. As the US moved towards this method of self-sufficiency, it could also see a boost in the number of jobs and lower fossil fuel imports. Suddenly, there was access to cheap shale oil and gas from the West Texas Permian Basin. In 2010, it has greatly started to decrease the entire world’s dependence on Middle Eastern oil and allayed fuel shortage anxieties. Since 2010, the US thus became far more self-reliant, giving its primary Middle East partners a run for their money. 

America’s major oil alleys were primarily Saudi Arabia and Iran. According to the Brookings Institution on oil, “In the modern era, no other commodity has played such a pivotal role in driving political and economic turmoil, and there is every reason to expect this to continue.” Indeed, before the pandemic hit the world, geopolitically driven wars and everything else was hinging on this liquid gold and its movement across the nations.

However, as the pandemic made the use of oil non-existent and environmental concerns pushed for use of more renewable energy, there has been more trouble for the Middle Eastern bigwigs. 

While the US has been moving towards self-reliance, it reached out to the Middle East as a military partner, fueling the various civil wars. Sometimes playing as the peacekeeper, it has primarily kept good relations with the big players like this. As America’s interest in oil has diminished, so has other players who might not be interested in creating a safety net between many Middle Eastern nations and Iran. As foreign western powers retreat, it is the Middle East versus Iran. Political analysts believe Tehran will not go into a direct confrontation mode and jeopardize its survival as it is already muzzled under US sanctions. 

But countries like Israel and Saudi Arabia might be better off coming together because without the US military support, they might not stand a fitting chance to fight a military confrontation with Iran after all. On its part, Iran has been playing its uranium enrichment card over. It is keeping the western and Middle Eastern world on tender hooks indeed. 

Venezuela resumes direct oil exports to China, despite US sanctions

Venezuela resumes direct oil exports to China, despite US sanctions

Venezuela resumes direct oil exports: According to Refinitiv Eikon vessel-tracking data and internal documents from Venezuela’s state-owned company Petroleos de Venezuela (PDVSA), latter resumed oil exports to China, despite US sanctions. In an exclusive report carried out by the Reuters, showed that due to the US sanctions imposed in August 2019 ‘Chinese state companies, China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) and its listed subsidiary PetroChina – long among PDVSA’s top customers – stopped importing crude and fuel directly from Venezuelan ports’. 

The loading point of Venezuelan oil was now changed to Malaysia, where transfers of cargoes between vessels at sea was allowed. It implied that in order to escape the sanctions, Venezuela opted for a slightly extensive transfer involving a few vessels, loading-unloading and changing of hands, which aided the South America country to continue exporting its crude to China, by using trade intermediaries.

US outgoing president Donald Trump imposed sanctions on Venezuela in order to build enough pressure to oust Nicolas Maduro from the country. In an appalling twist, the pressure built-up went in vain as Maduro won and got re-elected as the country’s president serving his second term. Many world leaders, including the country’s opposition leaders, called the elections grossly undemocratic. Many fear that Maduro’s landslide victory in the recent presidential elections would cripple the country’s economic system, political setup and pave way for his transformation from a latent autocrat into a full-blown despot.

Despite the election win, US, Panama, Canada and Germany did not acknowledge Maduro as the country’s head, and called out against his the undemocratic ways to attaining power. Despite Maduro’s illegal accusation of power, its closer ties with Iran and China worried US the most. 

Over the recent trade between the two nations, the US Treasury Department spokesperson said on Nov. 25 that “those engaged in activity in the Venezuelan oil sector risk exposure to sanctions.”

The shipping monitoring service TankerTrackers.com revealed that the first tanker to export oil to China was Kyoto, which carried 1.8 million barrels of heavy crude from Venezuela’s Jose port in late August. The other carrier spotted unloading Venezuelan crude at China’s Bayuquan port, was the Warrior King. Refinitiv Eikon and Equasis data revealed that the other two tankers, owned by CNPC units, loaded oil in Venezuela in November. The report also unveiled that some of the vessels involved oil trade between the two nations were owned by Russian-registered companies with no known prior oil trading experience.

Reuters said, “The resumption of direct imports by China comes after Washington earlier this year took action against units of Russia’s Rosneft and later went after shipping firms that continued to do business with PDVSA following trade sanctions first imposed in early 2019.”

It is not the first time Venezuela has been spotted violating US sanctions. Rather in September the country was caught conducting oil trade with Iran, as three vessels carrying thousands of barrels of fuel were seen sent off to Venezuela. Tehran’s semi-official news agency, Mehr news reported that General Yahya Rahim-Safavi, a military adviser to Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, said, “We gave Venezuela gasoline and received gold bars, and we took the gold to Iran on a plane so that nothing could happen to it along the way”.

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