Those who have read Dan Brown’s Inferno thriller know the story of the World Health Organization (WHO) and security officials working to prevent the spread of a deadly virus. The Consortium, a group led by a billionaire named Zobrist, is trying to save some of the world’s population by killing a virus called Inferno. The name of the bioterrorist had already been assigned to Sobrist. The virus is stored in a plastic packet. The virus can spread so that it can kill millions if it breaks into water.
The story of this kind of biological weapon has become the subject of writing and movies, including Malayalam. But now is not the time to dismiss it as a story. The WHO has issued a warning that many germs of disease that are thought to have disappeared from the world still exist. Most of these currently have antibiotics against them. But a new study suggests that anyone who has the ability to resist the drug and the bacteria and viruses can easily get it ready. The report also warns against the possibility of using such germs as biological weapons.
The research against such biological weapons began in 2001, when anthrax was placed in a dust-proof container and sent to many dignitaries in the US. At the behest of the US Defense Department, a group of researchers was assigned to study such biological weapons. Dr Ashok Chopra, professor at the University of Texas Medical Branch, made the crucial announcement at the time. He is Professor of Microbiology and Immunology and has been studying Yersenia pestis, a bacterium that has spread since 2002.
The report, published in the journal Nature in connection with the development of three types of vaccines against the plague after 15 years of research, explains that terrorist organizations have little difficulty in bringing back the atoms we believe have been eliminated from the earth. The black plague, known as the Black Plague, has caused millions of deaths worldwide, including in India. The drug is currently fighting the plague. But Yersinia pestis, which is an antibiotic resistant, does not even need modern systems to treat bacteria. The WHO also placed the first place in the list of most dreaded infectious diseases in the world, plague. Anthrax, Ebola, and smallpox are the next highest. The coronavirus is now on that list.
The plague revealed its horror in the fourteenth century, eliminating one third of Europe’s population. During World War II, Japanese troops in many parts of China carried plague-infested rats through the rats. There have also been reports of the US and the Soviet Union interacting with plague bacteria in the air during the Cold War. The plague also spread in the United States in 1990, when animals were transported from Asia to San Francisco. This and the black pestilence of the fourteenth century were caused by bubonicus, a plague bacterium. The outbreak of plague in India in 1994 followed in Gujarat, Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata. There are three types of plague: bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic. All three are variants of Yersinia pestis.
Bubonic plague is most commonly transmitted by rat fever. The risk of death from bubonic plague is 40 to 70 percent if left untreated. Septicemic and pneumonic plague are also killers. Spreading through the air is the biggest killer of the pneumonic plague. In the US, the risk of plague death was 66 to 93 percent when antibiotics were not detected. It is currently down to 11 per cent. But according to WHO data, in 2013, 783 people in the world were infected. Of these, 126 were killed. Most of the deaths occurred in rural areas of Central and South Africa, Central Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and the southwestern part of the US. Madagascar, Congo, Peru According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an average of seven plague cases are reported annually in the US. In 2015, 16 people were affected by the plague and four of them died.
The Independent Telephone Portal once reported that the US Food and Drug Administration has approved vaccine-resistant vaccines, but none are manufactured. It is but against the bubonic plague. The most dangerous pneumonic plague is still going strong. Plague can be difficult to detect at the outset. The first cause of the flu is cold and flu. In that case, only antibiotics can be effective. But it can only be given on time. Meanwhile, chloramphenicol, an antibiotic thought to be the last resort to the plague, has been found to be resistant to the disease. It is in this context that Ashok Chopra’s vaccines become effective.
The vaccine was designed to eliminate three genes from plague bacteria. It is not curable when injected. Instead it will give the body better immunity. Bacteria are easily resistant to attack. Experiments in mice and animals have shown this to be effective for pneumonic plague. The vaccine has no other side effects. Ashok Chopra says more such tests should be implemented. Because someone like the Zobrist of Inferno is enough to make the whole world a pestilence.