Asia Pacific Focus

Leaked documents confirm China lied about COVID-19 numbers
Asia Pacific Focus

Leaked documents confirm China lied about COVID-19 numbers

China lied about COVID-19: There seems to be little doubt that China has lied about the numbers of COVID-19. When Wuhan pneumonia infected the West, the data on infections and victims immediately seemed different from those in China. Suffice it to say that today in Europe, in a country like France or Italy, while the emergency is far from over, there are more dead and more infected than the official numbers provided by Beijing. Where it is believed the virus originated. Now, leaked documents finally proved that China’s government underreported the number of the new coronavirus contagions in the early stages of the pandemic. 

The CNN obtained, from Chinese health authorities in the Hubei province, several files showing what the president of the United States, Donald Trump, affirmed from the beginning of the pandemic: China hid the “real number” of COVID-19 cases. As for now, the report doesn’t confirm if Chinese officials tried deliberately to conceal the accurate magnitude of the coronavirus outbreak. According to the documents from the Hubei province local authorities on February 10 — when China reported 2,478 new cases — executives clandestinely reported 5,918 new cases, more than double the announced figure. One of the files also exposes that in early March the medium period between a patient presenting COVID-19 symptoms and diagnosis was 23.3 days. 

Previously it was Chinese funeral homes that raised doubts about the reliability of the numbers published by the Beijing Ministry of Health. There are seven funeral homes that serve Wuhan, a symbolic city of this pandemic, formed by an urban agglomeration that includes Hankou, Wuchang, and Hanyang. According to data from the Chinese government, in March 2020 – when the infections were peaking in Asia – the coronavirus victims in this metropolitan area were 2,535. But Caixin reported that a funeral home delivered 5,000 urns in a single day to Hankou. And the site of Radio Free Asia, a broadcaster based in Washington, even ventured an estimate: the official dead could be 42 thousand. Terrifying numbers, to be read with caution and with the right degree of fallibility of the calculations.

Radio Free Asia’s estimates immediately seemed exaggerated. However, that the official data released by the Chinese authorities on infections and deaths are false now seems obvious. A report leaked to CNN by a whistleblower who said they work inside the Chinese health system gives a large amount of data for February 10 and March 7, when the plague started to spread worldwide. The papers also expose that the early stages of the pandemic coincided with a notable recorded flu outbreak in Hubei with cases 20 times higher than the previous year. The influenza was first classified in Wuhan in December and in particular in the cities of Yichang and Xianning, according to CNN. 

With government bodies following the path of censorship, funeral homes and public hospitals forced not to provide details, it is very complex to venture hypotheses on the numbers of coronavirus in China. The dead in Wuhan may have been 10 thousand, but also 100 thousand. At this moment no one is able to say it anymore. Certainly, during the weeks of hell, in Wuhan people died at home or on the street, as evidenced by many videos posted on social media and escaped from Beijing censorship.

In the famous six days in which the large emergency hospital was built in Wuhan, the existing hospitals could no longer accommodate patients. And death came in the alleys, outside the supermarkets, in the bedrooms. Victims to whom no one has ever swabbed, and who will forever remain out of the official coronavirus death toll. The question that the international community and all of us should ask Beijing today is: how many cases have been “escaped” and how many actually hidden? And then, why? For many, knowing the full extent of COVID-19 from the beginning would have made a difference. But judging by how certain countries are managing the so-called “second wave,” it would not seem like it.

China should be utterly ashamed and apologize over the repugnant tweet, says Australian PM
Asia Pacific Focus

China should be utterly ashamed and apologize over the repugnant tweet, says Australian PM

Australian PM: On Monday, Australia’s PM Scott Morrison demands an apology from China over a Tweet carrying a fake photo of an Australian soldier holding the big knife over the throat of an Afghan child. 

As of late, a heightening in trade pressures between Australia and China and recommends a more souring of the overall relationship. Lately, a series of Australian businesses – from meat, grain, coal, and cotton to lobster, wine, and lumber has been the objective of anti-subsidy and against anti-dumping rules or had delayed deliveries. 

Morrison stated “It is completely outrageous and cannot be justified on any grounds… The Chinese regime should be ashamed of this tweet. It decreases them on the planet’s eyes,” Morrison stated in a press briefing. He said nations around the globe were observing how Beijing reacted to strains in Australia’s relationship with China. 

The tweet from Zhao Lijian, a representative with China’s foreign minister, seized on a report from a four-year-long official inquiry concerning the lead of Australian Special Forces soldiers in Afghanistan. Zhao composed that he was “stunned by the homicide of Afghani people and detainees by Australian soldiers” and he called for responsibility. 

The tweet was joined by an incendiary photo that seems to portray an Australian soldier slashing the throat of an Afghan kid holding a sheep, along with the caption “Don’t be afraid, we are coming to bring you peace!”

Morrison told correspondents in Canberra, “The Chinese regime should be ashamed regarding this post. It lowers them on the international eyes,” “It is a bogus picture and an awful slur on our extraordinary soldiers and the people who have served in that uniform for more than 100 years. There are without doubt pressures that exist between China and Australia, yet this isn’t how you handle them.” 

Morrison also called for the resumption of dialogue between the Chinese and Australian ministers, which have been hardened this year, after Beijing condemned the Morrison regimes for an independent inquiry concerning the handling and origin of the coronavirus pandemic.

A four-year Australian Defense Force investigation beginning this month revealed evidence of 39 homicides of Afghan citizens or detainees by 25 Australian soldiers serving in Afghanistan from 2009 to 2016. The report claimed troops would compel recruits to get their first kills by executing detainees in a training known as ‘blooding’. 

The Australian administration has established a special investigation over the charges stated in the report. Troops occupied with criminal indictments and being deprived of decorations.

Japan’s shrinking birth rate worries its border security, time to open gates to women folk
Asia Pacific Focus

Japan’s shrinking birth rate worries its border security, time to open gates to women folk

Japan’s shrinking birth rate: It has been a topic of concern for the country for past some years, especially worrying the country’s defence forces as it has been missing its recruitment targets by a significant margin. For the past six years, the three wings of its Self-Defence Forces – ground, water and air units have been unable to reach their cadet recruitment targets. In the year 2018, the SDF as met only 70% of its annual defence recruitment target whereas in 2019, the Maritime SDF and Air SDF could reach only 90% 

of its target and missed on the 10%. With each passing the gap has been increasing and raising worries for Japan’s defence ministry about its deterrence capabilities.

With the drop in recruitment target, comes another challenge of managing its fiscal budget dedicated towards the national defence. Japan’s defense spending reached its highest at 5.313 trillion yen on an initial basis in fiscal 2020, and the country became the world’s ninth biggest defense spender, as per data put out by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

Amidst the distressing prospects of the country’s defence force count, the Liberal Democratic Party’s national defense parliamentary group urged Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi to permit the addition of two Aegis destroyers to the Maritime Self-Defense Force, to strengthen its presence, especially in the South China Sea, where China has been gradually increasing its military influence. But the challenge is only doubling for Tokyo given North Korea’s increasing nuclear missile threats.  

Japan needs the Aegis destroyers, but what it needs more is the force to operate it and secure its border – land, air, and water. Japan’s combined ground, maritime and air forces amount to  220,000 members. Which is far less when compared to its rivals in the region – with 2.04 million Chinese troops, 1.28 million North Korean defence forces and about 625,000 armed personnel of South Korea. Though Japan’s receives military support from US, which positions its 1.3 million-strong military troops to guard the country’s fences. But this borrowed defence come at a greater price which Japan cannot easily sustain for long.

Despite the Ministry of Defense having about 50 regional cooperation headquarters across the country for its recruitment drives to let in high school students, every year it struggles with fewer applicants due to fewer high school students, which is due its shrinking birthrate. “It is important to secure the [targeted] number of recruits,” a Defense Ministry recruitment official said, “but we cannot substantially lower the criteria for admission. It is difficult to secure both quality and quantity.”

Now the country has been looking into recruiting more women in its defence services as an option to meet its targets. In March, for the first time ground SDF recruited a woman to its paratroop unit. In case of an emergency, these paratroopers would be parachuted near the front line. Meanwhile, earlier this year the Maritime SDF added five women to its submarine crew for the first time. SDF is also making significant budget changes to make more room for female cadets. In its budget proposal for fiscal 2021, the Defense Ministry has allocated 5 billion yen ($48 million) to alter the working environment make its more congenial for female SDF members

China has imposed heavy tariffs on Australian wine, barley, and meat this year
Asia Pacific Focus

China has imposed heavy tariffs on Australian wine, barley, and meat this year

Australian wine: China has hit the Australian economy hard by imposing heavy taxes on Australian wine, barley, and suspending meat imports. The Chinese importers were advised to expect customs delays across seven classifications of Australian goods from coal to fish from November. 

Australian wine with tariffs will cost twofold of its actual price, making the market unsuitable for exporters, as per the trade minister, Simon Birmingham. 

Moreover, from Nov. 28, China has also decided to impose anti-dumping tariffs of 107.1% to 212.1% on imported wine from Australia, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce announced. 

Australia’s trade minister Simon Birmingham stated that the tariffs were untenable, and it was a painful step for several winemakers since it “will be unviable for some businesses, and their wine trade with China”. 

China takes 37 percent of Australia’s all-out wine trades, an industry worth AU$2.9 billion, the public authority said. 

A week ago, China planned a list of grievances about Australia’s foreign investment, human rights policy, and national security, saying Canberra expected to address its activities to reestablish the respective relationship with its biggest trading partners. 

“China’s recent remarks states that it’s more about their complaints around those issues, as opposed to indeed around anything any industry has fouled up,” Australia’s agriculture minister David Littleproud stated.

He added, “It simply doesn’t stress Australian exporters, it stresses exporters from around the globe.” 

On Friday, China’s foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian stated that the measures were in order with Chinese laws. China urged Australia to improve mutual ties between the nations. “They should consider whether they have regarded China’s interest,” he added. 

China started an anti-dumping probe in August as the Chinese Alcoholic Drinks Association requested, however, in Canberra, the first decision to impose taxes was seen as a component of an example of punitive trade actions since Australia required an independent investigation into the origins of the Covid-19 pandemic. 

Birmingham highlighted “the total effect of China’s international restrictions against various Australian goods and stated that if they were a reaction to different factors, then this would be “totally incongruent with the promises China has made to the World Trade Organization (WTO). 

The importers buying Australian wine will have to pay the customs authority of China, which will be determined dependent on various rates the authority has allocated to different organizations, the statement added. 

The rate expected of Treasury Wine was 169.3%, the highest among all the named wine companies in the announcement. The shares of Australia’s Treasury Wine Estates Ltd. fell over 13% before being put on a trading standstill. 

The steps could shut down the Chinese market to Australia, expressed Tony Battaglene, CEO of Australian Grape and Wine Inc.

“Some will continue selling expensive wine if individuals are ready to pay for it. However, it turns out to be extremely intense when you’re competing with wine where they’re spending 12% or 14% duties, or zero taxes on account of New Zealand and Chile, and you’re spending 200%. Everybody will be struggling now, searching for different business sectors, Battaglene added.” 

An exporter of Australian wine in Shanghai reported Reuters: “I will quit bringing in Australian wines for 3 months to perceive how things work. Numerous merchants will end the business, as per what I know, since it is just not good for trade.” 

On Friday, Australia stated it was “very baffled” by China’s decision to force primer taxes on Australian wine, further heightening political pressures between the two nations. They will hold a conference with winemakers.

Covid-19 Under Trial Vaccines Out In Chinese Black Market
Asia Pacific Focus

Covid-19 Under Trial Vaccines Out In Chinese Black Market

Chinese Black Market: There is a black market around Covid-19 vaccines is already doing its magic in China, even before the efficacy of any of the trail vaccines could be proven. People are desperate and are looking for ways to get a hold of even vaccines in trail through employees at various laboratories. 

China apparently has allowed local developed vaccine shots since the mid of the year. There is no way of knowing whether they are effective or not. Pfizer and AstraZeneca are already on their way to developing the vaccines. But China somehow has let such dubious medication go unnoticed. 

According to the UN led Covax initiative, the vaccine will be disseminated in a phased manner, giving preference to medical aid workers, elderly, ailing patients and then the general population at large. But the paucity of doses worldwide has led a black market to thrive in China. 

Bribing your way through medical aid and services is a known practice in China. The trend has continued with vaccine doses too. Despite the fact that the vaccines have not received final regulatory approval, hundreds of thousands of people in China have been jabbed under the emergency-use program. That has heightened concern among scientists over potential safety risks.

China National Biotec Group Co., the arm of Sinopharm is still in the process of developing two leading Covid vaccines. They have widely tested the doses on more than 50,000 people in countries from Argentina to Egypt. But the company’s working has been seen as dubious. Sinopharm is known to have signed up with Canada for vaccine delivery but never kept it side of the deal and seemed to have diverted its doses to military personnel who were in the month of August stationed at the Indo-China border. 

According to the company, trials have been progressing smoothly, and it has not received any reports of serious adverse events in participants. Sinopharm was caught is cross firing between Canada and Chinese government, after which it withdrew shipment to Canada. 

Japan and South Korea work towards mending bilateral ties 
Asia Pacific Focus

Japan and South Korea work towards mending bilateral ties 

Japan and South Korea: After a long time on Nov 13, a group of South Korean legislators met Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga in the midst of growing hopes for advancement in ties between the two countries tattered over trade and historical issues. 

Seven individuals from the Korea-Japan Parliamentarians’ Union came to Tokyo for a three-day visit on Thursday, gave a courtesy call on the new Japanese pioneer. This was the first time that Suga met South Korean lawmakers since he took office as the new PM in September.

Japan and South Korea have conflicted over Tokyo’s export checks a year ago that is viewed as a political reprisal for Korean Supreme Court decisions in 2018 that mandated Japanese firms to remunerate South Koreans casualties of wartime forced labor. Japan controlled the Korean Peninsula between 1910-1945. 

The two nations continue to be profoundly divided over many historical issues, these member groups play a significant role in mending bilateral relationship for their respective regimes.

On Thursday, the officials had a one-on-one meeting with the Japanese partners and discussed ways to boost cooperation and trades between the two nations. The lawmakers consented to frame a special panel devoted to bilateral relations for the Tokyo Olympic Games, which have been deferred to 2021 because of the pandemic.

The Japan-South Korea Parliamentarians’ Association comprises of Diet members in the two houses. The two groups reach several trade meetings and pay courtesy calls to the leader of South Korea or the Japanese prime minister.

The affiliation negotiation between the two governments takes into consideration more adaptable and open trades contrasted with those that happen in summits between Japan and South Korea. The meetings permit the two sides to pass on unofficial information from their administrators too. 

In 2018, the relations between Japan and South Korea dropped to rock bottom when South Korea’s Supreme Court ruled Japanese firms to compensate South Koreans and their family members that were forced to work during World War II. 

The bilateral relations between the two nations have been hampered by disputes and the emergence of the pandemic as well. The December meeting had been viewed as a route for the three heads to talk about these different issues vis-à-vis. 

The Korean affiliation was driven by recently appointed leader Kim Jin-Pyo. Kim stated regretted that the historical problems endured and that there was an adverse economic effect.

While there was no forward leap on the historical issues, the two sides consented to collaborate toward the Tokyo Olympics, set for 2021, and also to proceed with their discourse.

“We will work collectively with Japan to secure democracy, universal principles, and values of international law,” Moon stated. “I hope the bilateral partnership to uphold human rights would operate as a ‘bridge of friendship’ between South Korea and Japan.”

G-20 nations pledge a fair distribution of Covid-19 vaccine in the world
Asia Pacific Focus

G-20 nations pledge a fair distribution of Covid-19 vaccine in the world

G-20 nations pledge: On Sunday, In a G20 virtual meeting, world leaders pledged to provide a fair distribution of coronavirus vaccine around the world, however, offered no particular new funding to meet that objective.

“We have a responsibility to rise to the challenge together during this meeting,” King Salman announced as he inaugurated the meeting. 

The summit is held online for the first time due to the pandemic. The members are talking about the effect of the Covid on the world economy and exploring ideas to invigorate financial recuperation and development. 

The Summit was facilitated by Saudi Arabia. His Highness King Salman’s statement was made as worldwide Covid cases reached 58 million, and overall deaths by the virus reached 1.4 million, as indicated by Johns Hopkins University. 

The G-20 members are worried that the pandemic will extend the gap between the wealthy and the poor. To battle that, the European Union asked for commitments adding up to $4.5 billion to Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator, a worldwide effort to accelerate the development and dissemination of vaccines, treatment, and tests as indicated by the World Health Organization (WHO). 

King Salman called on member nations to reassure the global community of reasonable and impartial admittance to the vaccine. 

German Chancellor Angela Merkel promised more than 500 million euros (almost USD 593 million). Russia’s President Vladimir Putin proposed Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine, and China offered to coordinate on the vaccine. 

U.S. President Donald Trump, who dodged a few meetings on Saturday to play golf, paid little consideration to other pioneers’ speech and alleged that the Paris climate deal was planned not to spare the planet but rather to destroy the US economy. 

The White House Press Secretary Kayleigh McEnany expressed that Trump discussed the need to cooperate to reestablish financial development, yet she didn’t refer to a U.S. vow to help the worldwide distribution of the vaccine.

 As Trump left the virtual conference, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin, said in a Treasury Department stated that the 7-month-old Debt Service Suspension Initiative “is a fundamental accomplishment of the G-20 because of the pandemic.” 

The initiative intends to enable the world’s least fortunate nations to tussle with the results of the pandemic until mid-2021. 

Treasury’s statement added that the G-20’s Common Framework would enable the poorest nations to address pandemic-induced debt issues “by organizing sovereign debt resolution if necessary.” 

Russian President Putin also focused on the aftermaths of the virus on the world economy, causing a crisis that caused famine in many parts of the world, as well as poverty and job cuts, which are the greatest dangers to humankind today.” 

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan stated that “Decisions made in the summit will be decisive for limiting the negative impacts of coronavirus for the world and also respond to the world’s expectations.” 

G-20 member nations incorporate Argentina, Germany, India, Australia, Canada, China, Brazil, Britain, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, France, Indonesia, South Korea, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, the United States, Turkey, and the European Union. 

The EU and the UN stated that there is a £4.5bn financing setback this year that the G20 countries should help to reach. Nations have so far put $10bn in the Access to Covid-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator and in the Covax Facility. 

The majority of the meeting zeroed in on guaranteeing that when the coronavirus vaccines will launch in the market, it will be accessible at reasonable costs in poor nations.

China warns ‘Five Eyes’ against interference in Hong Kong affairs
Asia Pacific Focus

China warns ‘Five Eyes’ against interference in Hong Kong affairs

China warns Five Eyes’: China sends out a loud and clear message to the ‘Five Eyes’ alliance group to abstain from interfering in its internal affairs, specifically with regard to supporting Hong Kong pro-democracy lawmakers. Last week, on the orders of Chinese government, Hong Kong expelled four of its pro-democracy lawmakers from legislature after Beijing passed a resolution enabling the Hong Kong government to disqualify elected legislators, who appeared to be a threat to its national security.

On Wednesday, the Five Eyes intelligence-sharing group, a group comprising of five nations including Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand and the United States, slammed the new rules imposed by the Chinese regime, for it appeared to be direct attempt to bulldoze Hong Kong’s pro-democracy dream. The group was formed during the Cold War, mainly to monitor the activities of USSR and its allies.

The five nations backed Hong Kong, a former British colony, in its campaign to silence critics and asked the Chinese authorities to reverse course. The territory was handed over to China by the British government in 1997 on the condition of reinstating its autonomy. 

“We urge the Chinese central authorities to re-consider their actions against Hong Kong’s elected legislature and immediately reinstate the Legislative Council members,” foreign ministers from Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand and the United States said in a statement. The nations criticised Beijing of sabotaging the rights Hong Kongers to elect their representatives.

Besides, as a mark of revolt against Beijing’s new order, all of Hong Kong’s pro-democracy lawmakers gave in their resignation. The removal of the four lawmakers was seen by many as China’s attempt to curb Hong Kong’s freedom.

Much irked by the foreign leaders for, what it felt like, upending China’s internal state of affairs as Beijing claimed that Hong Kong part of its territory and did not support the idea of complete democracy in an otherwise semi-autonomous state. 

As a response against the external meddling, Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian shared a well-articulated message at a daily media conference in Beijing on Thursday. He said that the Five Eyes alliance should be careful as if they tried to harm China’s sovereignty, security or development interests, “their eyes will be plucked out.”

He said, “The Chinese never make trouble and are never afraid of anything” and added that it did not “matter if they had five or 10 eyes”.

China criticizes the historic Australia- Japan defense deal
Asia Pacific Focus

China criticizes the historic Australia- Japan defense deal

China criticizes the historic deal: Australia and Japan have marked a historic defense agreement that would permit the two nations to reinforce military ties in the face of rising pressures with China.

The agreement is the first of its kind that Japan signed that covers the presence of foreign military forces in its region since the 1960 deal that enabled the United States to base troops, airplanes, and warships in Japan.

The defense agreement permits Japanese and Australian officials to visit each other’s nations for joint training and operations. Authorities have invested six years in negotiating this historic deal. Australian authorities stated that it was a historic accord between Japan-Australia. 

The agreement was made in Tokyo between Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga and his Australian partner, Scott Morrison. The deal needs a final affirmation from the Japanese parliament. 

Morrison is the first world leader to be facilitated by Mr. Suga since he took office as Japan’s PM in September, says bilateral and diplomatic ties are important. 

“Japan shares a very special relationship with Australia. It is not just a trade, economic, cultural, or social one. We together play a very important role in the Southwest Pacific region,” Morrison added. 

Political analysts have stated that China’s increased decisiveness, including regional territorial disputes for the South China Sea and the ill-treatment of protestors in Hong Kong, would overwhelm private discussions between the Australian and Japanese leaders. 

Chinese state media has condemned the Australia-Japan accord, saying it targets China and further adds to the already tense air in the Asia-Pacific region. 

Canberra’s relationship with Beijing have weakened following charges of Chinese impedance in Australia’s internal political matters and requires an international investigation into the origin of the coronavirus, which was first identified in China in 2019.

China has imposed taxes on many Australian goods such as wine, agricultural products, and barley. However, China is Australia’s biggest trading partner, but Chinese authorities say that China-Australia relations are moving towards a sharp downturn.

“China has displayed strong disappointment and firm discontent towards the Japan-Australia summit”, the Foreign Ministry representative Zhao Lijian stated.

Australia Japan to reinforce defense ties amid the rising Chinese economy
Asia Pacific Focus

Australia Japan to reinforce defense ties amid the rising Chinese economy

Australia Japan to reinforce defense ties: Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison visits Japan to hold a meeting with his Japanese ally, Yoshihide Suga, to reinforce defense ties between the two US partners to counter China’s growing economy and its developing confidence in the Asia-Pacific region.

The two nations are near to conclude a Reciprocal Access Agreement, a lawful system to permit their soldiers to visit each other’s nations and conduct joint training and exercises. Morrison and Suga going to conclude the agreement on Tuesday. 

They are additionally expected to talk about the worsening Covid situation and the declining economy, Japanese authorities announced. 

Whenever marked, it will be Japan’s first such deal since the 1960 status of forces deal with the United States, which set bases for around 50,000 American soldiers to work in and around Japan under the Japan-US security agreement. 

Japan is dedicated towards maintaining and deepening its 60-year-old partnership with the US. As the foundation of Japanese discretion and security, however, has as of late tried to supplement its regional defense by venturing up cooperation with others, particularly Australia, in China’s developing sea activity that has spread from the East and South China oceans. 

Bach and Morrison are in Tokyo this week and utilized the opportunity to discuss adjacent to IOC member and Australian Olympic Committee (AOC) President John Coates about the Olympics.

Japan clings to self-defense and boycotts first strikes under its postwar pacifist ideology, however, has supported its defense capacity and spending under the former Japanese PM Shinzo Abe. 

Abe pushed Japan’s military weapons and cooperation agreement with the US as it progressively works alongside US troops and reinforced buying of expensive stealth fighters and various weapons from the USA. 

Suga, who took charge of Japan in mid-September following Abe’s resignation because of medical reasons, is continuing on his predecessor’s strategic and security policies.

Japan regards Australia as a semi-partner and the two nations for the first time consented to a defense agreement in 2007.

The two nations conceded to the sharing of military supplies in 2013, extending it in 2017 to include weapons after Japan eased limitations on arms supply transfers.

Japan has started the Free and Open Indo-Pacific” vision of financial and security collaboration as a counter to China’s impact, and as of late facilitated foreign ministerial discussions among the nations known as the Quad that additionally incorporates Australia, the US, and India. 

They presently to bring in more nations in Southeast Asia and beyond that share matters related to China’s expanding assertiveness in the region. 

China denies violating any international laws in its actions in the regional sea and has condemned the Quad as a NATO in Asia against China. 

Japan and Australia both have reported economic challenges with Beijing and various sanctions being placed on many products.

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